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初一英语单元练习知识点总结

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        初一英语单元练习知识点总结,初中同学怎么学习,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

 初一英语知识点(一)

  1、Unit 1 --Unit 2

  (1)问候语:

  Good morning/ afternoon/ evening.

  How are you?---Just OK, thank you. How are you?---Not bad, thanks.

  Hi! Hello!

  How do you do?

  (2)道别用语:

  Nice/ Glad to meet/ see you.(meet用于初次见面,see用于熟人间)

  Nice to meet/ see you, too.

  Goodbye. Byebye. Bye. See you (later/ tomorrow/ next time)!

  So long! Good night!

  (3)介绍人或者物的句型:This is...

  (4)Excuse me.与I'm sorry.的区别:

  Excuse me.是要引起对方的注意,而I'm sorry.则是向对方道歉。

  (5)词组be from = come from

  (6)

  当问句中问到this/ that时,回答要用it;

  问到these/ those时,要用they来回答。

  例如: What's this in English?----It's an eraser.

  What are those?----They are books.

  (7)对Thanks.的回答:That's OK./ You're welcome./ My pleasur.

  (8)

  look the same = have the same looks

  givesth. to sb. = give sb. sth.

  be like = look like

  in the tree/ on the tree (树上结的、长出来的用on,否则用in)

  in red(穿着红色的衣服)

  in the desk(在空间范围之内)

  in English(用英语)

  help sb. do sth.

  (9)both与all的区别:

  both表示"两者都......";all表示"三者及以上都......"。

  2、Unit 3--Unit 4

  (1)speak的用法

  speak与say不同:speak表示"说"的动作,不表示"说"的内容;

  say则表示"说"的内容。

  speak后面除了能接"语言"外,不能直接接东西,后面加了to则表示"对......说"。

  help sb. with sth.(帮助某人做/补习......)

  want to do sth.(想要做某事)

  would like to do sth.

  not...at all(一点都不);

  Not at all.(没关系/别介意)

  like...a lot = like...very much

  (2)some和any的区别:

  口诀:some用于肯定句,否定、疑问变any。

  例如: I have some money. I don't have any money.

  Do you have any money?

  (3)have a seat = take a seat(请随便坐)

  (4)祈使句(表示命令或请求的句子)

  祈使句一般都省略了主语You,所以其否定句直接用Don't开头。

  例如: Don't go there!

  (5)问职业:

  What does sb. do?

  What is sb.?

  What's sb.'s job?

  (6)work与job的区别:

  work是未必有报酬的"工作",例如homework, housework;而job则一定是有报酬的"工作"。

  (7)on指在物体的表面,不论这个面是否水平的,

  例如: on the desk/ wall/ farm/ playground

  (8)in hospital(住院);

  in the hospital(在医院里)

  look after(照料/照顾/照看)

  help oneself(请自便/随便吃)

  (9)表示"建议"的句型:"做某事如何?"

  What about (doing) sth.? (英式英语)

  How about (doing) sth.? (美式英语)

  Why don't you do sth.? = Why not do sth.?

  (10)"吃"一日三餐要用have:have breakfast/ lunch/ supper

  have...for breakfast/ lunch/ supper

  take one's orderP> be kind to sb.

  初一英语知识点(二)

  (11)try on这个词组可合可分:

  名词可以放在这个词组的中间或后面,但代词只能放在词组的中间。

  (12)在口语中往往用take表示"买"。

  (13)how many与how much的区别:

  how many + 可数名词;how much + 不可数名词

  (14)What do you think of...? 是询问对方对某事物的看法;

  How do you like...? 是问对方对某事物喜欢的程度。

  think about(考虑)

  Thank you all the same. (即使对方没能帮上忙,也要礼貌谢)

  Thanks. = Thank you.(thank作为动词,不能单独使用。)

  (15)one与it的区别:

  当上下文说的是同一种类事物时,任意一个可以用one来代替;如果上下文所说的是同一个事物时则用it。例如:

  Ann :I have a yellow bag.

  Jane :I have a green one. Tom : Hey, Mike. Where is your bike?

  Mike : Look, it's over there.

  (16)倒装句

  Here you are. Here it is.

  (17)be free (有空/免费)

  forget to do sth.(忘了去做某事)

  forget doing sth.(忘了做过某事) What's up? = What's wrong with...? = What's the matter with...?

  (18)go + v.-ing结构的含义:为了实现某目的才去的。

  例如: go fishing/ boating/ swimming/ shopping等

  (19)

  have to do sth.(非主观因素,强调客观因素,"不得不去做某事")

  must 则表示主观愿望

  (20)fly a kite = fly kites be free = have time

  (21)句型"该干某事了。":

  It's time to do sth. = It's time for sth.

  例如:该吃午饭了. It's time to have lunch. = It's time for lunch.

  (22)时间的表述

  当分针所指的时间大于0分、小于等于30分钟时,用"分钟"past"小时"。

  例如: 8:23--twenty-three past eight

  当分针所指的时间大于30分钟、小于60分钟时,用"剩余的时间"to"下一个整点"。

  例如: 8:49--eleven to nine

  当然,还可以直接按照小时、分钟去读出时间,

  例如: 8:23--eight twenty-three; 8:49--eight forty-nine

  整点则在数词后加"-o'clock",

  例如:8:00--eight o'clock 在钟点前介词要用at.

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