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初三英语阅读理解练习

初三英语阅读理解练习,初三年级面对中考有哪些办法,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

初三英语阅读理解练习(1)

Passage 1

Do you feel lonely when your best friend isn’t around? Here’s our advice to you – and to all kids who feel lonely sometimes.
It’s hard when a best friend isn’t around – maybe because he or she moved to a different school or a different class. You may feel left out at break or lunchtime. You want to have new friends, but how do you make them? Maybe it seems like everybody else already has his or her friends. But remember, there’s always room for more friends.
Start by looking around your classroom – think about which kids you’d like to play with at break. Look for chances to say hi to them, smile, and be friendly. Offer to share something or express your appreciation (欣赏) to them. Invite someone to play with you or say “Do you want to sit here?” in the lunchroom. When you’re at break, walk over to kids you want to play with, act friendly, and say “Hi, can I play, too?” or just join in.
If you have trouble doing this or if you’re feeling shy, ask your teacher to help you make new friends. Teachers are usually pretty good at matching up friends. The best way to make friends is to be a friend. Be kind, be friendly, share, say nice things, offer to help – and pretty soon, you’ll have one, or two, or even more new friends.
You might still miss that special best friend. But when you see each other, you can share something you didn’t have before he or she left: You can introduce him or her to your new friends!
1.Which of the following can explain the expression “feel left out”?
A.Feel homesick.   B.Feel lonely.   C.Leave home alone.   D.Be hungry.
2.According to the writer, some kids feel lonely at break because they .
A.have trouble with their studies   B.don’t have their best friends around
C.need their parents to be with them   Dare too young to look after themselves
3.The underlined word “this” in Paragraph 4 means .
A.sharing your ideas   B.talking in front of many people  C.studying better at school  D.developing new friendship
4.Some kids need help from teachers to make friends because .
A.they miss their old friends a lot  B.they have no time to stay with others
C.teachers know who wants a new friend   D.they are shy or not good at making friends

Passage 2

In some science fiction movies, evil robots refuse to die, no matter how hard people fight back.
Now science fiction has become science fact. For the first time, scientists have made a robot that can take a beating (挨打) and keep on going. Scientists from Cornell University made the robot, which looks like a spider with four legs.
Until now, even the most advanced (先进的) robot was almost certain to break down when it was damaged (毁坏). That is because its computer inside simply doesn’t know how to make the machine work after its shape has changed.
To deal with this problem, the scientists put eight motors (发动机) and two sensors (传感器) that read how the machine is working. They all give signals to the machine’s software. Using this information, the computer can then figure out the machine’s shape at any moment.
The new technology is a big advance in robot-making, scientists say, and it’s far from scary. It may someday help scientists create better artificial (假的) arms and legs and give new freedom to people who lose them. It might also help scientists understand how people and animals figure out their own sense of place in space.
“It has been difficult to design robots that can work well when the environment changes or when it’s damaged,” says Olaf Sporns of Indiana University in US. “With this work, we are nearer to solving this problem.”
1.Why do robots easily break down when they are damaged?
A.They cannot repair themselves.  B.The computer has changed a lot.
C.They have no computers inside.  D.The computer cannot work if the robot changes.
2.The new technology allows the robot to ______.
A.do house work for humans  B.keep working after being damaged
C.remember a lot of information   D.tell people where it is
3.The underlined word “them” in Paragraph 5 refers to ______.
A. sensors B. robots  C. arms and legs D. scientists
4.How do the sensors in the robot work?
A.They can replace the computer when it’s broken.  B.They can find out where the damage comes from.
C.They help the computer learn the robot’s condition.  D.They can send signals to the person who uses the robot.

Passage3

Wonder why you can get angry so easily while your friend smiles all the time? It’s probably because you both have different personalities.
Personality is also about how people think, behave, and react (反应) to everything around them from day to day.
So what makes people think and behave in certain ways?
Part of the reason is that people are born like this. A baby gets its blood type, genes (基因) and other physical things when it’s still inside its mother. These things may help decide what the baby will be like.
But one’s personality doesn’t stop here. Family life, school learning and life experiences can also make you the person you are. This doesn’t mean it’s impossible to change your personality. You can always try to make yourself better. Don’t get too worried about your shortcomings (缺点). Just accept them. This is a good way to start making changes.
If you don’t know how to make friends, find out why. Is it because you’re too shy? Tell yourself to smile at people. Start talking to people using warm greetings.
Don’t give yourself a hard time about it all. It’s not easy to change lifelong habits in one night. Keep working at it. One day you’ll see that you can turn over a new leaf and be a new you!
1.Personality is about the following EXCEPT _____.
A.how you think about something  B.what you look like   C.how you behave   D.how you react to something
2.According to the article, which of the following is TRUE?
A.People are born the way they’ll always be.   B.Blood type decides what a person will be like.
C.Personality decides what a person is like.     D.A person can try to change his/her personality.
3.From the last two paragraphs, we learn that _____.
A.a shy person can’t make many friends   B.there is no way to change your lifelong habits
C.you can work hard to improve yourself   D.everyone can change him- or herself in life

初三英语阅读理解练习(2)

(一)
People often say that the Englishman’s home is his castle. They mean that the home is very important and personal to him. Most people in Britain live in houses rather than flats, and many people own their homes. This means that they can make them individual(个体的);they can paint them, and change them in any way they like. Most house have a garden, even if it is a very small one, and the garden is usually loved. The house and the garden are the private(私人的)space of the individual.
People usually like to mark their space. Are you sitting now in your home or on a train? have you marked the space around yourself as your? If you are on the train you may put your coat or small bag on the seat beside you. If you share a flat you may have one corner or chair which is your own.
Once I was traveling on a train to London. I was in a section for four people and there was a table between us .The man on the space on my side of the table at all. I was angry. Maybe he thought that he owned the whole table. I had read a book about non-verbal communication, so I took various papers out of my bag and put them on his briefcase! When I did this he stiffened and his eyes nearly popped(瞪出)out of his head. I had invaded(侵犯)his space! A few minutes later I took my papers off his case in order to read them. He immediately moved his case to his side of the table. Of course, it is possible that he just wanted to be helpful to me!
If you are visiting another country you may feel that you don’t have any private space. Hotel rooms look much the same in every country in the world. All day long ,you share public spaces with other people. You see the local people in their private spaces and you feel lonely and “outside”. Local people can create their private spaces by talking about things you don’t know about .And you even feel that they like you to be outside them so that they will enjoy being inside even more! This is one of the difficulties of being a traveler! But if you understand it then it helps you .Haven’t you enjoyed being part of a group and “owning” a bit of space?
(  )1.The writer was angry as he was traveling on a train to London because______.
A.he had no place to sit全品中考网  
B.someone had invaded his “space”
C.too many people shared a section with him
D.some other people talked about things he didn’t know about
(  )2. “… you feel lonely and ‘outside’” in paragraph 4 means that_______.
A.you are alone outside the house
B.you feel lonely because you travel on your own
C.you are alone and therefore you go outside to have some fun
D.you feel lonely and you don’t belong to that place or that group of people
(  )3.In Paragraph 4 ,the pronoun “them’ refers to(所指) “___________”.
A.public spaces        B.private spaces        C.local people    D.other countries
(  )4.Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A.British people dislike marking their space.
B.You always feel at home in another country. 全品中考网  
C.Most British people prefer living in houses to flats.
D.You can’t mark your private space in a foreign country.
(  )5.Tha main purpose of the passage is to tell readers to _______.
A.own private spaces by living in houses
B.have one corner of their own in public places
C.realize the importance of “space” in communication
D.create their private spaces by talking with local people
 (二)
Every year there is a Spring Festival in China. Usually it is in January or February. It is the most important festival in China. So before it comes, everyone has to prepare things. They buy pork, beef, chicken, fruits and many other things. And they often make a special kind of food—“dumplings”. It means “come together”. On the day before the festival,parents buy new clothes for their children. Children also buy presents for their parents. On the Spring Festival Eve(除夕)all the family members come back to their hometown. This is a happy moment. Some sing and dance, some play cards and others get the dinner ready. When they enjoy the meal, they give each other the best wishes for the coming year. They all have a good time.
(  )6. Which is the most important festival in China?  
A. The Mid-Autumn Festival.   B.The Spring Festival. C.Children’s  Day.
(  )7. When is the Chinese Spring Festival usually celebrated?
A. In March or April.   B. In May or June.  C. In January or February.
(  )8.          is the special kind of food for the Spring Festival in China.
A. Chicken  B. Dumpling  C. Fish
(  )9. What’s the meaning of the food “dumplings” for Chinese people in the Spring Festival?  
A. Look up.   B. Help yourself.  C. Come together.
(  )10. The family         when they are having dinner together on the Spring Festival Eve.
A. give each other the best wishes
B. buy each other presents
C. sing, dance and play cards全品中考网
 (三)
More and more people like bicycling and it is no surprise. It is fun, healthy and good for the environment. Maybe that’s why there are 1.4 billion bicycles and only 400 million cars on roads
worldwide today. Bikes can take you almost anywhere, and there is no oil cost!
Get on a bicycle and ride around your neighborhood. You may discover something new all around you. Stopping and getting off a bike is easier than stopping and getting out of your car. You can bike to work and benefit(受益)from the enjoyable exercise without polluting the environment. You don’t even have to ride all the way.
Folding (折叠) bikes work well for people who ride the train. Just fold the bike and take it with you. You can do the same on an airplane. A folding bike can be packed in a suitcase. You can also take a common bike with you when you fly. But be sure to look for information by getting on airline websites. Not all airlines are bicycle-friendly to travelers.
Health Benefits of Bicycling:
  It helps to prevent heart diseases. Bicycling helps to control your weight. A 15-minute bike ride to and from work three times a week burns off five kilos of fat in a year. Bicycling can improve your mood (心情).
Exercise like bicycling has been shown to make people feel better, more relaxed and self-confident. Bicycling is healthier than driving.
(  )11. From the passage, we know that bicycling is becoming very      .
A. surprising    B. exciting    C. expensive    D. popular
(  )12 When you are riding your bicycle around your neighbourhood, you may      .
A. pollute the environment around    B. find something you didn’t notice
C. go everywhere and use a little oil    D. get off your bike and begin to work
(  )13. If you travel with a folding bike, you can fold it and _     .
 A. get out of the car    B. take it onto a train
C. put it in your purse    D. go on airline websites
(  )14. One of the benefits from bicycling is that      .
A. you can fold the bicycle    B. you will be friendly to others
C. you will be more relaxed    D. you may get fatter and fatter
(  )15. Which is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Bicycling is enjoyable exercise for people. B. Driving cars is healthier than riding bikes.
 C. Riding a bike pollutes your neighbourhood. D. Common bikes are welcomed by all airlines.
 (四)
It’s not easy to be an astronaut’s son.Everybody expects you to be special or perfect.I
often wonder how my father ever had a son like me.I mean he’s so special and so good at
everything he does.Even in middle school he was class president and captain of the football
team.全品中考网  
    Well,to be honest,I often dream about being some kind of hero or doing something
special—like saving a child from a burning building or discovering a new star.I was daydreaming at school one morning when my teacher said there would be a Father’s Day writing competition for the whole sch001.“I hope we have a winner right here in my class.”
    When I got home,I started to think about what to write.My father is an astronaut.N0,I
wouldn’t start like that.That was the way others saw him.How did I see my father? Hmm.
    I saw him sitting with me in the dark when I had a terrible dream.I remembered how he
hugged me for hours when my dog Spotty was killed by a car.Yes,these were the things I
 was going to write.To me,he wasn’t just a world—famous astronaut.He was my dad.
    My parents and l went to school Thursday night.There were so many people in the big
hall! My dad looked at me,and I shrugged(耸肩).
    The third prize was announced and it was not me.1 was relieved(释然)and disappointed at the same time.The second prize was announced.It was me.
    1 went up to the stage and read what I had written,“My father’s son”.When I finished,the people stood up and cheered.I saw my father blowing his nose.Tears were running down my mother's face.Dad cleared his throat and put his hand on my shoulder.“Son,this
is the proudest moment of my life.’’
    It was the proudest moment of my life,too.Maybe I’ll never be a great hero or win a
Nobel Prize,but it was enough just to be my father’s son.
    根据材料内容选择最佳答案,并将其标号填入题前括号内。
(  )16.The writer felt it        to be the son of a famous person.
    A.1ucky    B.natural    C.hard         D.pleasant
(  )17.In order to_        the writer would like to save a child from a burning building.
    A.become astronaut            B.become a great hero
    C.be made school team captain   D.be made class president
(  )18.What did the boy probably write in his composition?
    A.A lot of special things he had done.
    B.The story of his father as an astronaut.
    C.The unforgettable time he spent with his father.
    D.The experiences his father had in middle school.
(  )19.The writer felt proud when he           .
    A.got a prize in a writing competition           B.won a Nobel Prize
    C.saved a child from a burning building         D.discovered a new star
(  )20.What is the best title for the passage?
    A.My daydream                        B.My father’s son
C.My famous father                     D.My happy family
【答案】
(五)
Feeling left out?
    A reader wrote in to say that she was feeling lonely at break because her best friend
wasn’t around.Here’s our advice to her—and to all kids who feel lonely sometimes.
    It’s hard when a best friend isn’t around—maybe because she moved to a different
school or a different class.You may feel lonely at break or lunchtime.You want to have new
friends.but how do you make them? Maybe it seems like everybody else already has their
friends.But remember, there’s always room for more friends.    。.
    Start by looking around your classroom—think about which kids you’d like to play
with at break.Look for chances to say hi to them,smile,and be friendly.Offer to share
something or express your appreciation(欣赏)to them.Invite someone to play with you or
 say “Do you want to sit here?” in the lunchroom.When you’re at break,walk over to kids
you want to play with.act friendly,and say “Hi,can l play, too?” or just join in.
    If you have trouble doing this or if you’re feeling shy, ask your teacher to help you make
 new friends.Teachers are usually pretty good at matching up friends.The best way to make
friends is to be a friend.Be kind,be friendly,share,say nice things,offer to help—and pretty soon,you’ll have one,or two,or even more new friends.
    You might still miss that special best friend.But when you see each other, you can share
 something you didn’t have before she left:You can introduce her to your new friends!
  根据材料内容选择最佳答案,并将其标号填入题前括号内。
(  )21.This text is written for            .
    A.teachers    B.parents    C.students  D.visitors
(  )22.According to the writer, some kids feel lonely at break because they         .
    A.have trouble with their studies     B.don’t have their best friends around
    C.need their parents to be with them  D.are too young to look after themselves
(  )23.The underlined word this in Paragraph 4 refers to(指的是)        .
    A.sharing your ideas              B.talking before many people
    C.studying better at school         D.developing new friendship
(  )24.Some kids need help from teachers to make friends because          ·
    A.they miss their old friends a lot
    B.they have no time to stay with others
    C.teachers know who wants a new friend
    D.they are shy or not good at making friends
(  )25.The expression “feeling left out'’ means“         ”in Chinese.
A.受冷落    8.被调侃    C.挨批评    D.遭攻击
(六)
The Water World Swimming Pool is open every day from eight o’clock in the morning until half past seven in the evening. It costs two dollars sixty to enter the pool. There is a special cheap price for students with a student card. The price is one dollar forty. But you must bring your student card with you.
On Wednesday morning the pool is only open to mothers and babies. So mothers can enjoy themselves in the water with their babies. Please leave your older children at home on Wednesday morning.
The new Water World Café will be open up on June 22nd. From the café you can watch the swimmers or enjoy a drink after you swim.
Please call 2105369 for more information. We look forward to seeing you at the Water World Swimming Pool.
(  )26. How long is the Water World Swimming Pool open every day?
   A. Eleven hours.                       B. Seven hours.  
C. Eleven and a half hours.               D. Seven and a half hours.
(  )27. What is the price for students with a student card to enter the pool?
A. Two dollars.                        B. One dollar forty.
C. Two dollars sixty.                    D. One dollar.
(  )28. A ten-year-old boy can’t go to the Water World Swimming Pool         .
    A. on Saturday                         B. on Sunday    
C. on Wednesday afternoon               D. on Wednesday morning
(  )29. From the café you can watch the swimmers or enjoy a drink after you swim ___________.
   A. on May 21st        全品中考网        B. on May 22nd
   C. on June 23rd                          D. on June 21st
(  )30. This passage is a(n)         .
   A. advertisement        B. note           C. story          D. slogan
 (七)
Who wants to carry a bulky bag to school? No children. Nobody wants one shoulder to be lower than the other, and paining(疼痛)too. In India, most of us would look at the reduction(减少)of textbooks as a way out. But in a country like America, there are always more choices. A company called goReader has created a "school bag" which is the size of a laptop computer(笔记本电脑), weighing about 2.5 kg. The goReader has a color screen and can "hold" all the textbooks that a student may need, says a report in 'The Asian Age' newspaper.
The company plans to work closely with the publishers(出版商) of textbooks so that these books can be supplied on the Internet. All the students will have to do is to download(下载) their textbooks. Making notes and marking important parts of a lesson can be done just as lots of students have done on their textbooks before.
At present, the plan is being tested out in a university. Richard Katzmann, the owner of the company is having his creation tested at Chicago's DePaul University, where he studied. Does that mean it is goodbye to the new paper, and the smell of the black ink?
(  )31. What does the underlined word “bulky” in the first line mean?
A. light                B. small                C. big and heavy        D. old
(  )32. What would Indians do to solve(解决)the problem?
A. They would reduce the textbooks.        B. They would tell the parents to help students.
C. They would tell the teachers to help students.D. They would take students to school by bus.
(  )33. The writer may think that Americans have a ________ way to solve the problem.
A. more stupid            B. worse                C. better                D. quicker
(  )34. The goReader may be a machine ________.
A. that can work as a teacher                    B. that can be used as textbooks
C. that can cheat students                    D. that can hurt students
(  )35. When the new machine is used, it is possible that ________.
A. students might study harder                
B. students might study at home
C. students might not need teachers            
D. students might study without paper textbooks
(八)
Most people want to be happy, but few know how to find happiness. Money and success alone do not bring lasting happiness. Aristotle, a Greek thinker, said, “Happiness depends upon ourselves.” In other words, we make our own happiness. Here are a few suggestions to help you be happier.
The first secret of happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life. Too often, we spend so much time thinking about the future —for example, getting into college or getting a good job —that we fail to enjoy the present. You should enjoy life’s simple pleasures, such as reading a good book, listening to your favorite music, or spending time with close friends. People who have several close friends often live happier and healthier lives.
Another secret to living a happy life is to be active, and have hobbies where you forget your problems and time. Many people experience this dancing, or playing a sport, such as swimming. You can forget about your problems, and only think about the activity. Finally, many people find happiness in helping others. Studies show that people feel good when they spend their time helping others. If you want to feel happier, do good things for someone. You can help a friend with his or her studies, go shopping to buy food for an elderly person, or simply help out around the house by washing the dishes.
(  )36. The best title(标题)of the passage is ________.
A. Money Makes You Happy                    B. The Secrets of Happiness
C. Ideas for Helping Other People to Be Happy    D. Good Friends Make You Happy
(  )37. The second paragraph tells us that ________.
A. the more friends you have, the happier you will be
B. we shouldn’t think about our future
C. happiness is to enjoy the simple things in life.
D. some people fail to live a happy life
(  )38. The passage gives us ________ pieces of advice on happiness.
A. one                B. two                C. three                D. four
(  )39. The writer thinks that ________.
A. everyone knows how to live a happier life    
B. it’s wrong to spend time on work
C. hobbies take up too much time                
D. doing good things for someone can make you happier
(  )40. Which of the following is not mentioned in the passage?
A. Reading a good book.                        B. Traveling to a foreign country.
C. Playing a sport.                            D. Spending time with close friends.
(九)
    James is a good student and he has lots of friends,but he also has a problem.Some older boys are bullying(欺负)him at school.James is very unhappy and he doesn't know what to do about it.Here are some suggestions to him and other teenagers in this situation.
    Don't feel worried.It's not your fault(过错)! Being bullied can make you feel very lonely and angry,but you are not alone.Don't feel that you have to hide the problem.You should find a person you can trust,and tell them.It might be your teacher,your parents,or even your friend's parents.After you tell someone,you will get some support and feel some relief(解脱).
    Speaking to an adult might make you nervous,but here are other things you can do.Some people express their feelings more easily on paper.Write a letter to someone or keep a diary.Include all the details(细节)about what the bullies do, as well as when and where the bullying happens.You can use it as proof to show what is going on.And it is a wonderful idea to
 show your letter or diary to a teacher or another responsible adult.Then the bullies will feel very afraid if their names appear in a letter!
Also,don't show you are sad and don't try and fight withthe bullies. You could get in trouble yourself. Ignore them andjust walk away. The bullies will soon stop.
(  )41. What do you think the text is trying to tell us?
    A. What to do about being bullied.
    B. How to be a good student at school.
    C. What to write well in a diary.
    D. How to give suggestions to teenagers.
(  )42. Why does the text advise you not to feel worried if bullied?
    A. Because you are not alone.
    B. Because it is not your fault.
    C. Because someone has known about it.
    D. Because you' re doing something wrong.
(  )43. You'd better go and find a person you can trust and ____.
A. know what happens        B. learn from them
C. ask for help               D. make them lonely
(  )44. If you remember and follow the suggestions above, ____.
    A. nobody will speak to the bullies
    B. everybody will feel some relief
    C. someone will express their feelings
    D. the bullies will soon stop
(  )45. What does the underlined word "ignore" mean in the text?
    A. take no notice of           B. take care of
    C. make full use of           D. get more help from
(十)
Many years before the United States was founded(建立), Americans had already invented barbecues. But the first barbecues, in fact ,were the invention of the Taino Indians of Haiti, who dried their meat on raised frames(架子)of sticks over fires. Spanish explorers spelled the Taino word as barbacoa, and as time passed, English settlers along the Atlantic coat had their own barbecues.
One summer day in 1773, Benjamin Lynde, a citizen of Massachusetts, wrote in his diary, “Fair and hot ; Browne;hack overset.” That is , on a bright and hot day he went to the Brownes to attedn a barbecue, and his carriage(马车)fell over. It shows that the barbecue had its social occasion by that time. Large animals would be roasted whole on frames over hot fires, and neighbours would be invited to dinner.
In later centuries, as settlers moved to the west, the barbecue went along with it, reaching an especially large size in Texas, where a pit (坑)for fuels(燃料) such as tree branches might be over ten feet deep. Today , the barbecue grills(烧烤架)which are fueled by charcoal(木炭) or electricity are likely to be small and easy to move , and can cook only parts of an animal at a time, but people still have barbecues out of doors and always invite their neighbours or friends over.
(  )46.Who invented the barbecues first in history?
   A.American people.      B.Taino Indians.      C.Spanish explorers.   D.English settlers.
(  )47.The second paragraph mainly tells us that the barbecue_______________.
   A.is only held on a hot sunny day              B.welcomes people who keep diaries
   C.is held both indoors and outdoors            D.has its social occasion for over 200 years
(  )48.The underlined expression “ social occasion” can be best translated into______________.
   A.社交功能          B.社会福利            C.社会地位         D.社会背景
(  )49.The following are all the barbecue ways     EXCEPT __________________.
   A. drying meat on raised frames of sticks over fires
   B. roasting a whole animal over a pit full of burning tree branches
   C.cooking parts of animals over fires on grills fueled by charcoal
   D.heating meat in the bright and hot daylight

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