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小学英语系动词知识点大全

小学英语系动词知识点大全,小学英语系动词如何学习,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

小学英语系动词知识点大全(一)

系动词亦称联系动词(Link Verb),作为系动词,它本身有词义,但不能单独用作谓语,后边必须跟表语(亦称补语),构成系表结构说明主语的状况、性质、特征等情况。

说明:

有些系动词又是实义动词,该动词表达实义时,有词义,可单独作谓语,例如:

He fell ill yesterday.

他昨天病了。(fell是系动词,后跟补足语,说明主语情况。)

He fell off the ladder.

他从梯子上摔下来。fell是实义动词,单独作谓语。

1)状态系动词

用来表示主语状态,只有be一词,例如:

He is a teacher. 他是一名教师。(is与补足语一起说明主语的身份。)

2)持续系动词

用来表示主语继续或保持一种状况或态度,主要有keep, rest, remain, stay, lie, stand, 例如:

He always kept silent at meeting. 他开会时总保持沉默。

This matter rests a mystery. 此事仍是一个谜。

3)表像系动词

用来表示"看起来像"这一概念,主要有seem, appear, look, 例如:

He looks tired. 他看起来很累。

He seems (to be) very sad. 他看起来很伤心。

4)感官系动词

感官系动词主要有feel, smell, sound, taste, 例如:

This kind of cloth feels very soft.

这种布手感很软。

This flower smells very sweet.

这朵花闻起来很香。

5)变化系动词

这些系动词表示主语变成什么样,变化系动词主要有become, grow, turn, fall, get, go, come, run.

例如:

He became mad after that. 自那之后,他疯了。

She grew rich within a short time. 她没多长时间就富了。

6)终止系动词

表示主语已终止动作,主要有prove, trun out, 表达"证实","变成"之意,例如:

The rumor proved false. 这谣言证实有假。

The search proved difficult. 搜查证实很难。

His plan turned out a success. 他的计划终于成功了。(turn out表终止性结果)

小学英语系动词知识点大全(二)

1. —What is Mr Wang like?

—____.

A. He is a teacher B. He is old and kind C. He looks like a balloon D. He likes English

2. What Mr White said sounds____.

A. friendly B. wonderfully C. pleasantly D. nicely

3. The poor boy ____ blind at the age of three.

A. turned B. goes C. became D. went

4. When he was a child he____ .

A. grew patience B. was alive C. ran wild D. came true

5. His voice____ as if he has a cold.

A. sounds B. listens C. hears D. seems

6. This shirt___ as if it is made of cotton.

A. is B. looks C. feels D. seems

7. He looks ___ he hadn’t had a good meal for a month

A. that B. as if C. when D. so far

8. It ____that he was late for the train.

A. looks B. turns C. gets D. seems

9. These apples taste_____.

A. to he good B. to be well C. well D. good

10. —Do you like the shirt?

—Yes, it ____ very soft.

A. feels B. felt C. is feeling D. is felt

11. The moment Mr Zhang went to bed, he____ asleep

A. kept B. got C. fell D. fall

12. When I went home yesterday, it was ____ dark.

A. going B. getting C. running D. coming

13. Their plan ____ to be a perfect one.

A. proved B. was proved C. is proving D. proving

14. The flowers in the garden ____ sweet.

A. sound B. taste C. become D. smell

15. She____ like her mother in character.

A. looks B. seems C. is D. feels

16. It____ another fine day tomorrow.

A. seems B. promises C. appears D. looks

17. He ____ much younger than he really is.

A. appears B. grows C. becomes D. turns

18. You____ very pale. Do you feel sick?

A. looked B. are looking C. looking D. are looked

19. His wish to become a driver has ____true.

A. turned B. realized C. come D. grown

20. Her father ____a writer.

A. turned B. grew C. has turned D. has become

答案与分析

1. B What’s...like?是询问人或事物的性质特征情况的交际用语,答语中常含有说明性质特征情况的形容词。

2. A sound表示“听起来”,后面接形容词作表语,答案B、C、D均为副词。

3. D若人或事物的情况变化是永久性的或难以扭转的坏变化时,用系动词go表示。

4. C run wild是固定搭配,表示“放荡不羁”。

5. A sound表示“听起来”,后面接as if 引导的表语从句,表示对主语所表示的特征、状态或性质作出的反应及判断。

6. C feel作系动词用时,表示“(东西)摸上去令人有某种感觉”。

7. B as if引导表语从句时,从句谓语动作发生在主句谓语动作之前,从句谓语用过去完成式。

8. D “ It seems that…” 表示“看起来……”。是固定句型,强调根据一定的事实所得出的一种接近于实际情况的判断。

9. D taste表示“尝起来”时,是系动词,后面接形容词作表语。

10. A feel表示“(某物)摸上去(令人)有某种感觉”时,是系动词,用于一般现在时。

11. C fall asleep表示“入睡”,是固定搭配,根据题意,应用过去时。

12. B get表示“逐渐……起来”、“开始……起来”时,是系动词,多用于进行时。

13. A prove表示“证明是”时,是系动词。

14. D smell表示“有……的气味”、“散发气味”时,是系动词,后面接形容词。

15. C belike表示“看起来像”时,既可指外貌,又可指品质和特征,侧重于特征。

16. B promise表示“有……的可能”、“给人以……的指望”时,是系动词,后面接名词作表语。

17. A appear表示“看起来”时,是系动词。侧重于在外表给人某种印象,常为“假象”。

18. B look表示“显得”、“看起来”时,是系动词,后面接形容词作表语,用进行时态,常带有感情色彩。

19. C come true是固定搭配,表示“实现”,其中come是系动词,表示“成为”、“变得”。

20. D become表示“变成”,作系动词用,在后面作表语的名词前要加a或an。turn后跟可数名词单数要去掉a(n)。

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注:原文章转载于 ,如有问题请联系我们,邮箱zixun@changingedu.com

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