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初一英语下册期末备考知识点总结:unit4-6

       初一英语下册期末备考知识点总结:unit4-6,初中同学怎么学习,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

Unit 4 Don’t eat in class

肯定的祈使句:

(1) 实义动词原形+其他;   (2) be动词原形+形容词+其他;  (3) Let sb do sth.

否定的祈使句:

(1) Don’t+实义动词+原形;   (2) Don’t be+形容词+其他;

(3) Don’t let sb do sth        (4) No+Ving.

练:(1) My mother said to me, “Tom, _______ in bed.”

A. not read    B. doesn’t read    C. don’t read    D. didn’t read

(2) Don’t __________ (fight). = No __________ (fight).

2. 不要迟到:Don’t arrive late. = Don’t be late.   (arrive = be)

上课/上学不要迟到:Don’t arrive (be) late for class/school.

3. 主语省略(无主语):Don’t arrive late for class.

主语不省略(有主语):We can’t arrive ;ate for class.

4. 在学校我们必须穿校服:We have to wear uniforms at school.

句型:不得不/必须做某事:have to do sth

否定:不必做某事:don’t have to do sth

穿校服:单数:wear a uniform    复数:wear uniforms

练:(1) – I can’t stop smoking, doctor.   – For your health, I’m afraid you ______.

A. can    B. may    C. must    D. have to

5. 在我家里有太多的规矩:I have too many rules in my house.

词组:太多…:too many…

6. 我从来没有任何快乐:I never have any fun.

(never译为“从来没有”,表示否定,否定句中表示“任何,一些”,用any)

7. 不要大声说话:Don’t talk loudly.

请大声说:Speak loudly, please.

8. 他擅长于唱歌:He is good at singing.

句型:擅长于做某事:be good at doing sth

9. 表示“地点”的词组:

(1) 在教室里:in the classroom     在课堂上:in class

(2) 在走廊上:in the hallways      在学校里:at school = in school

10. 表示“时间”的词组:

(1) 下课后:after class    放学后:after school

(2) 在上学的白天/晚上:on school days/nights    比较:at night

(3) 到晚上10点钟之前:by 10 o’clock p.m.

11. (1) with  和;  如:He lives in Beijing with my parents.   (不能用and)

(2) with  戴着;  如:Do you know the fat man with a hat?   (不能用wears)

(3) with  有着;  如:It’s an old house with a beautiful garden.  (不能用has)

Unit5  Why do you like pandas?

1. –让我们先去看考拉。-- Let’s see the koalas first.    (first翻译为“首先”)

–你为什么最喜欢考拉?-- Why do you like koalas best?    (best翻译为“最”)

--因为它们很可爱。-- Because they are very cute.

句型:让某人做某事:let sb do sth

2. –你为什么不喜欢老虎?-- Why don’t you like tigers?

--因为它们有点吓人。-- Because they are kind of scary.

① 在此处,表示“不”,只要在do后加not即可。

② 有点…:kind of+形容词 = a little+形容词

3. 你还喜欢别的什么动物? What other animals do you like? (后有animals, other不加s)

你喜欢和别的年轻人工作吗? Do you like to work with other young people?

This isn’t my sweater. It’s __________ (you).

Are all these children __________ (you)?

4. 他是一个8岁的男孩:He is an 8-year-old boy.   (后有名词boy, 用连字符,year用原形)

他8岁:He is 8 years old.   (后无名词boy, 不用连字符,岁数大于1,year变复数)

5. 请保持安静:Please be quiet. = Please keep quiet.  (keep译为“保持”,= be)

6. 他每天通常睡和放松20个小时:He usually sleeps and relaxes 20 hours every day.

每天:every day  (要分开)  连在一起的everyday翻译为“日常的”,是个形容词。

7. 和某人玩:play with sb   (倒翻)

8. 在白天:during the day = in the day  在此处,during = in

9. 在晚上:at night = in the evening    在上学的晚上/白天:on school nights/days

10. 吃草:eat grass   吃叶子:eat leaves (leaf的复数形式)  吃肉:eat meat

11. 相似单词比较:(1) 草:grass (不可数,无复数)  (2) 玻璃:glass 复数:glasses 眼镜

12. 汉语:因为…,所以…   英语:because…, so… (不能同时出现在一个句子中)

汉语:虽然…,但是…   英语:though…, but… (只能使用其中一个)

如:_______ Tom is tired, _______ he wants to have a food rest.

A. Because, so    B. Though, but    C. /, so    D. /, but

13. (1) first  num. 第一;  如:Sunday is the first day of a week.

(2) first  adv. 首先;首先:at first  如:Let’s see the koalas first.

14. (1) best  adv. 最;  如:Why do you like koalas best?

(2) best  adj. 最好的;  如:Who do you think is the best teacher in your class?

15. (1) very  adv. 非常(放在形容词前);  如:The koalas are very cute.

(2) very much  非常(放在动词后);  如:Thank you very much.

16. (1) kind(s) of  n. 种类;  如:There are many kinds of anmals in the zoo.

What kind of noodles would you like?

(2) kind of = a little  adv. 有点;(无形式变化)  如:He is kind of lazy.

(3) kind   adj. 和蔼的,友善的;  如:It’s kind of you to help me with my English.

17. 树叶:leaf   复数:leaves   变化规则:去f加ves;

18. 小偷:thief  复数:thieves   变化规则:去f加ves.

Unit6  I’m watching TV

1. 现在进行时的结构:主语+be+Ving.   (be动词和动词+ing两者缺一不可)

考题形式:(1) 已知be动词,考后面的动词形式(要加ing);

(2) 已知后面的动词+ing, 则前面用be动词。

如:(1) The boy is _________ (run) with his father.

(2) Some children are __________ (lie) on the grass.

(3) My brother and I are __________ (play) soccer.

(4) His sister is __________ (read) a book.

2. --你正在做什么?-- What are you doing?   --我正在看电视。-- I’m watching TV.

3. 那听起来很棒:That sounds great/good.

4. 谢谢你的信和照片:Thanks for your letter and the photos.

① 谢谢某东西:Thanks for sth  ② 句型:谢谢做某事:Thanks for doing sth

5. 这是我的一些照片:Here are some of my photos. (“一些照片”是“复数”,be用are)

这是我的一张全家福照片:Here is a photo of my family. (“一张照片”是“单数”,be用is)

6. 句型:忙于做某事:be busy doing sth

如:His brother is busy _________ (write) stories in his room.

7. 表示“活动”的“动词词组”

① 做家庭作业:do one’s homework     ② 打扫房间:clean the room

③ 吃晚饭:eat dinner    ④ 打电话:talk on the phone = make a telephone call

⑤ 看书/看报/看杂志:read books, read newspapers, read magazines

⑥ (学生)上课:have an English class   (老师)上课:give an English class

⑦ 举行晚会:have an evening party      ⑧ 和某人说再见:say goodbye to sb

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