Unit 6 Our Local Area
Topic 1 I have a nice house
1. in front of 在……的前面
2. hear from sb. 收到某人的来信
3. next to 靠近
4. give back归还
5. for a while 一会儿
6. go upstairs 上楼
7. have a look 看一看
8. put away 把……收起来
9. play with a ball 玩球
10. on the second floor 在第二层
11. look after 照顾;照看;照料;保管
1. Why not go upstairs and have a look?
(1) go upstairs上楼 go downstairs下楼
(2) have a look看
have a look at… 看……
have a walk散步
have a bath洗澡
have a swim游泳
have a talk谈话
have a rest休息
(3) Why not+动词原形…?句型是提建议的一种表达法，形同“Why don’t + 人称代词 + 动词原形上+ …?”。这样的句型常用来启发或建议某人做某事。回答常用Ok, let’s…/All right./That’s a good idea.
2. Please give it back soon.请尽快地把它还给我。
give …back:(=return)归还：代词作宾语时应放在give 和back的中间，如果是名词作宾语，可放在中间，也可放在后面。例如：
give the book back;/give back the book.
give it back / give them back
类似的短语还有put away, put on, try on, take off,
3.Let’s play computer games for a while.让我们玩一会儿电脑吧。
(1) play computer games玩电脑游戏
(2) Let’s …=Let us后接动词原形：让我们……
4.My pet dog plays with the ball everywhere.我的宠物狗在家里到处玩球。
(1) everywhere=here and there处处;到处
(2) play with 其后接人时，意为“与……玩”
play football, play basketball, play volleyball指技术性较高的运动
5.There is a watermelon and lots of apples in the box.箱子里有一个西瓜和许多苹果。
(1) lots of =a lot of 许多的;大量的，用来修饰名词
There are a lot of students in that school. (=many)
There was a lot of snow last year.(=much)
There’s a lot of rice in the bag.(=much)
如：There is a boat in the river.河里有一条船。
侧重 "所属关系"，示"属于……所拥有"的东西，第三人称用has。如： I have a nice watch.
She has a new computer.
2.否定式：There is/are+ not+主语+其它。
--Yes, there is/are.
--No, there isn't/aren't
1.There is +单数主语/不可数主语…如：
There is some milk in hte bottle.
There is a hat on the desk.
2.There are+复数主语…如：There are some flowers in the basket.
3.There is +单数主语+and+复数主语…如： There is a mouse and two pens on the deak.
4.There are+复数主语+and+单数主语…如：There are two pens and a mouseon the desk.
She has many new clothes.
Tom has a nice feather.
2.第一、二人称单数和复数主语+have+…如:You have some good firends but they have few.
1.对主语提问一律用"What's+某地/某时?"结构，其中谓语动词须用is，且there要省略。如：There are some pictures on the wall.---What's on the wall?
2.对地点提问要用"Where is/are there…?"如：There is a black car under the tree.--Where is there a black car?
3.对主语的数量提问要用"How many+主语(复数)+are there…?/How much+主语(不可数)+is there…?"
如： There're three people in my family. --How many people are there in your family?
There's some rice in the bag.
---How much rice is there in the bag?
1.对主语提问要用"Who/has/have+…?"如：Mary has a sweater.--Who has a sweater?
We have new brooms.--Who hsve new brooms?
2.对宾语提问要用"What have/has+主语?/What do does+主语+have…?"如： My father has a big farm .
What has your father?/
What does your father have?
3.对宾语的数量提问用"How many+复数名词+have/has+主语?/How much+不可数名词+have/has+主语?"或"How many +复数名词+do/does+主语+have?/How much+不可数名词+do/does+主语+have?"
如：I have two pictures.
--How many pictures do you have?/How many pictures have you?
如：There are some dishes on the desk.
--There aren't any dishes on the desk./Are there any dishes on the desk?
have 句型在改为否定句时，也应将 some 改为 any.
如： She has some fruit.
--She hasn't/doesn't have any fruit./Has she any fruit?/Does she have any fruit?
注：在表示 "附属于某物/某处的东西"时，there be结构与have句型都可以用。如：
There are four windows in the classroom =The classroom has four windows.
The house has eighteen floors.=There are eighteen floors in the house.