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七年级英语unit6词汇知识点

       七年级英语unit6词汇知识点,初中同学怎么学习,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

Unit 6  Our Local Area

Topic 1  I have a nice house

一、词汇:

1.       in front of 在……的前面

2.       hear from sb. 收到某人的来信

3.       next to 靠近

4.       give back归还

5.       for a while 一会儿

6.       go upstairs 上楼

7.       have a look 看一看

8.       put away 把……收起来

9.       play with a ball 玩球

10.   on the second floor 在第二层

11.   look after 照顾;照看;照料;保管

二、句型:

1.       Why not go upstairs and have a look?

(1) go upstairs上楼        go downstairs下楼

(2) have a look看

have a look at… 看……

have a walk散步

have a bath洗澡

have a swim游泳

have a talk谈话

have a rest休息

(3) Why not+动词原形…?句型是提建议的一种表达法,形同“Why don’t + 人称代词 + 动词原形上+ …?”。这样的句型常用来启发或建议某人做某事。回答常用Ok, let’s…/All right./That’s a good idea.

2.       Please give it back soon.请尽快地把它还给我。

give …back:(=return)归还:代词作宾语时应放在give 和back的中间,如果是名词作宾语,可放在中间,也可放在后面。例如:

give the book back;/give back the book.

give it back / give them back

类似的短语还有put away, put on, try on, take off,

3.Let’s play computer games for a while.让我们玩一会儿电脑吧。

(1)    play computer games玩电脑游戏

(2)    Let’s …=Let us后接动词原形:让我们……

4.My pet dog plays with the ball everywhere.我的宠物狗在家里到处玩球。

(1)    everywhere=here and there处处;到处

(2)    play with 其后接人时,意为“与……玩”

其后接物时,意为“玩(单纯地玩耍)……”

play football, play basketball, play volleyball指技术性较高的运动

5.There is a watermelon and lots of apples in the box.箱子里有一个西瓜和许多苹果。

(1)    lots of =a lot of 许多的;大量的,用来修饰名词

There are a lot of students in that school. (=many)

There was a lot of snow last year.(=much)

There’s a lot of rice in the bag.(=much)

三、语法:There be句型和Have的区别

类型

There be

Have

涵义不同

侧重 "存在关系",表示"某地或某时间存在某人/某物",there只是引导词,无意义。

如:There is a boat in the river.河里有一条船。

侧重 "所属关系",示"属于……所拥有"的东西,第三人称用has。如: I have a nice watch.

我有一块好看的手表。

She has a new computer.

她有一台新电脑。

句型不同

1.肯定式:There is/are+主语+其它。

2.否定式:There is/are+ not+主语+其它。

3.疑问式:--Is/Are there+主语+其它?

--Yes, there is/are.

--No, there isn't/aren't

1.肯定式:主语+have/has+其它。

2.吉伯定式:a)主语+don't/doesn't have+其它;

b)主语+haven't/hasn't+其它。

3.疑问式:a)--Do/does+主语+have+其它?

--Yes,主语+do/does./No,主语+don't/doesn't.

b)--Have/Has+主语+其它?--Yes,主语+have/has./No,主语+haven't/hasn't.

主谓一致不同

1.There is +单数主语/不可数主语…如:

There is some milk in hte bottle.

There is a hat on the desk.

2.There are+复数主语…如:There are some flowers in the basket.

3.There is +单数主语+and+复数主语…如: There is a mouse and two pens on the deak.

4.There are+复数主语+and+单数主语…如:There are two pens and a mouseon the desk.

1.主语(第三人称单数)+has+…如:

She has many new clothes.

Tom has a nice feather.

2.第一、二人称单数和复数主语+have+…如:You have some good firends but they have few.

划线提问不同

1.对主语提问一律用"What's+某地/某时?"结构,其中谓语动词须用is,且there要省略。如:There are some pictures on the wall.---What's on the wall?

2.对地点提问要用"Where is/are there…?"如:There is a black car under the tree.--Where is there a black car?

3.对主语的数量提问要用"How many+主语(复数)+are there…?/How much+主语(不可数)+is there…?"

如: There're three people in my family. --How many people are there in your family?

There's some rice in the bag.

---How much rice is there in the bag?

1.对主语提问要用"Who/has/have+…?"如:Mary has a sweater.--Who has a sweater?

We have new brooms.--Who hsve new brooms?

2.对宾语提问要用"What have/has+主语?/What do does+主语+have…?"如: My father has a big farm .

What has your father?/

What does your father have?

3.对宾语的数量提问用"How many+复数名词+have/has+主语?/How much+不可数名词+have/has+主语?"或"How many +复数名词+do/does+主语+have?/How much+不可数名词+do/does+主语+have?"

如:I have two pictures.

--How many pictures do you have?/How many pictures have you?

注意

there be结构在改为否定或疑问句时,一般将some改为any.

如:There are some dishes on the desk.

--There aren't any dishes on the desk./Are there any dishes on the desk?

have 句型在改为否定句时,也应将 some 改为 any.

如: She has some fruit.

--She hasn't/doesn't have any fruit./Has she any fruit?/Does she have any fruit?

注:在表示 "附属于某物/某处的东西"时,there be结构与have句型都可以用。如:

There are four windows in the classroom =The classroom has four windows.

The house has eighteen floors.=There are eighteen floors in the house.

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