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小学英语形容词知识点总结

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小学英语形容词知识点总结,小学英语形容词如何学习,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

      小学英语形容词知识点总结(一)

  形容词的比较级

  1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后面一般带有单词than。比较级前面可以用more, a little 来修饰表示程度。than后的人称代词用主格(口语中可用宾格)。

  2.形容词加er的规则:

  ⑴一般在词尾加er ;如:tall-taller

  ⑵以字母e 结尾,加r ;fine- finer

  ⑶以辅音字母加一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾(除ow结尾),应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er ;如:big-bigger

  ⑷以“辅音字母+y”结尾,先把y变i,再加er 。如;happy- happier

  (5)两个音节或两个以上的音节的,在原级前加more 如:beautiful-more beautiful

  3.不规则形容词比较级:

  Good/well-better, bad/ill – worse , much /many –more , little –less, few – fewer , far –further

     小学英语形容词知识点总结(二)

  一、本次知识点归纳:

  形容词用来修饰名词或代词,

  表示人或事物的性质、状态和特征。它的位置通常放在被修饰的名词前,也可以放在be动词和look、feel、taste、sound、get之后。

  二、重要知识点提示:

  1、形容词比较级在句子中的运用:两个事物或人的比较用比较级,比较级后,一般带有单词than。

  比较级的句子结构通常是:

  ⅩⅩ +be 动词+ 形容词比较级 + than+ ⅩⅩ

  如: I'm taller than you. (我比你高。)

  2.比较级变化规则:

  ① 一般在词尾加er tall-taller

  .② 以字母e结尾,只加r. late-later

  ③ 以辅音字母+y结尾,变y为i,再加er heavy-heavier

  ④ 以一个元音字母和一个辅音字母结尾,双写末尾的辅音字母,再加er fat-fatter

  ⑤ 不规则变化 good-better,bad / ill-worse,many / much-more,far-farther

  §如果比较的两者是一样的时候,我们会用 as…as…这个词组。

  ⅩⅩ+ be + as + 形容词原形 + as + ⅩⅩ,表示“xx和xx一样……”

  其否定形式结构为:not+as+原级+as,表示“xx和xxx不一样……”特征:as……as中间一定用原形,than的前面一定要+er。 §三个或三个以上的人或物进行比较,用形容词最高级。

  结构为:ⅩⅩ+ be + the + 形容词最高级 +in/of等表示范围的短语,表示“最……”。 e.g. Autumn is the best season in New York.

  形容词的最高级变化类似于比较级,只是把词尾的er改成est,如:

  tall (原形)- taller (比较级)- tallest (最高级)

  三、经典题训练过关:

  一、请写出下列形容词的比较级和最高级。12分

  big ______ ______ small ______ ________

  new ______ ________ tall ______ ______ short______ ________ old______ ________

  weak ______ ______ strong ______ ______ fat______ ________ hot ______ ______

  cold ______ ________ thin ______ ________

  二.用所给词的恰当形式填空。40分

  1.、Sue is _____(beautiful) than her sister

  2、My room is not as_____(big)as my brother's

  3、--How difficult is physics? --I'm not sure

  --Is it____(difficult)than maths? --I don't think so

  4、This book is not as_______(interesting)as that one.

  5、An orange is ______(big)than an apple,

  but ______(small) than a watermelon.

  6.Which is _______ (big) ,the sun,the moon or the earth?

  7.this mooncake is ____ (cheap) of all.

  8.He is _______ (strong) in the class.

  9. Bob is _________ ( young ) than Fred but ___________ (tall) than Fred.

  10. Yingtian is not as ___________ (tall) as Yongxian.

  11. Almost all the students' faces are the same but Li Deming looks _______ (fat) than

  before after the summer holidays.

  12.Which is _________ (heavy), a hen or a chicken?

  13.-- How _________ (tall) is Sally?

  -- She' s 1.55 metres ________ (tall). What about Xiaoling? --She' s only 1.40 metres ________ (tall). She is much _______ (short) than Sally. She is also the _______ (short) girl in the class.

  14. He is ______ (bad) at learning maths. He is much _______ (bad) at Chinese and he is the _________ (bad) at English.

  15. Annie says Sally is the ________ (kind) person in the world.

  16. He is one of the_________(friendly) people in the class, I think.

  17. A dictionary is much ______________________ (expensive) than a story-book.

  18. An orange is a little ______ (big) than an apple, but much ________ (small) than a

  watermelon.

  19. The Changjiang River is the _______ (long) river in China.

  20. Sue is a little ___________________ (beautiful) than her sister.

  三.选择填空。28分

  1. How heavy are you? __________.

  A. I’m 48 years old. B. I’m 48 kg. C. I’m 48 cm. 2. Tom is 120 cm. Jack is __________. Than him.

  A. tall B. taller C. heavier

  3. How heavy is the whale? __________.

  A. It’s strong. B. It’s heavier. C. It’s 3600 kg.

  4. How __________ are you?

  A. old B. older C. taller

  5. The monkey has a __________ tail.

  A. tall B. long C. longer

  6. How big are your feet? _________ .

  A. I wear Size 17. B. I’m bigger than you. C. I’m 17 bigger.

  7. Jim is 40 kg. Tom is 38 kg. Tom is ________ than Jim.

  A. taller B. thinner C. heavier

  8. I am ________ than my aunt.

  A. strong B. big C. shorter

  9. My father is ________ than my grandpa.

  A. older B. younger C. smaller( )

  10. I’m taller than others in my class.I’m_____ .

  A.tall B.tallest C.the tallest

  11.Which do you like _____, coffee, tea or milk?

  A. the worst B. best C. the worse D. worst

  12.The earth is _____ the moon.

  A. big B. bigger C. the bigger D. biggest

  13. 1.-Which is ________ season(季节)in Shenzhen?

  -I think it's autumn(秋季).

  A. good B .better C. best D. the best

  14. An elephant is ________ than a tiger.

  A. heavy(重的) B. very heavy C. the heaviest

  D.heavier

  四. 翻译句子20分:

  1.她比Mary年轻。

  2.Jack的父亲比母亲大。

  3.你喜欢哪种动物,猫还是狗?

  4.我是我们班最漂亮的。

  5.长颈鹿是世界上最高的动物

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