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小学英语连词讲解

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小学英语连词讲解,六年级面对考试有哪些办法,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

连词还可以根据在上下句中的逻辑关系和作用分为表示并列、选择、因果、时间、转折、条件等关系的连词。

一、常用连词总结

我们在前面讲过连词可以分为并列连词和从属连词。现在我们再根据在句中表示的逻辑关系将连词分为下面四种类型。

1、表示因果关系的连词

because 因为…… for 因为……,其原因是…… since 既然…… so 所以,因此

2、表示平行关系、选择关系的连词

and 和 either ... or ... 不是……就是…… neither... nor ... 既不……也不……

both ... and ... ……和……都 not only ... but also ... 不仅……而且……

3、表示时间关系的连词

when 当……时候 as soon as 一……就…… after 在……之后

before 在……之前

4、其它常用连词

if 如果(表示条件) although / though 尽管(表示让步)

二、常见连词的用法

1、and 连接多个对旬时,最后两个对象间用and连接,前面的对象间用逗号连接。

如 Andy, Bob and Mike played football after school yesterday. 安迪,鲍伯和迈克昨天放学后踢了足球。

2、or通常用在否定句中,而and通常用在肯定句中。

如 I don't like milk or juice. 我不喜欢牛奶也不喜欢果汁。

3、aothough / though 不能和 but 连用。

如 He went out though he was sick. 尽管他不舒服,他还是出去了。

4、so 是表示因果关系的并列连词,但在同一个句子中,不能同时出现 so 和 because

如 It was rainning, so we had to stay at home. 正在下雨,所以我们不得不留在家里。

5、not only ... but also (不仅……而……)和 both ... and (……和……都)意思相近,有时可以通用。

如 She is not noly kind but also warm-hearted. 她不仅友善而且热情。

6、neither ... nor(既不……也不……)本身已经表示两者都否定,所以在句子中不再用否定式。

如 Neither she nor I am interested in Talk Shows. 她和我都不喜欢脱口秀节目。

小学英语连词讲解(二)

一、并列连词:

1.and 连接单词 My brother and I study in the same school.

连接短语 Our knowledge may come from the books and from practice.

连接句子 We are singing and they are dancing.

2.but 但是/而是 I have a pen but no pencil.

or 或者 Will you go there by bus or on foot?

3.nothing but 除了,只有 I did nothing but watch it.

4.or表示否则 Hurry up or you will be late.

5.for 表示因为 He is good at math for he studies harder than others.

6.still 表示后句概念由前句转折而来

The weather is very cold, still we needn’t wear more clothes.

7.not only…but also 不仅…而且 可并列主、谓、宾、表及句子

主语并列时,谓语要就近一致 Not only he but also I am a teacher.

8.as well as 以及,同样 并列单词、短语、句子。

并列主语时,动词要随前面的主语变化 He works as well as he can

9.either…or 既…又…,或…或… 并列主、谓、宾、表及状语 Either come in or go out.

10.neither…nor 既不…也不 并列主、谓、宾、表、状语,

并列主语时,谓语就近一致 Neither you nor he speaks French.

12.both…and 和,既…也 并列主、谓、宾及表语 I can play both football and basketball.

13.nor 也不,引导句子要倒装 He can not speak English, nor can I.

You like apples, so do I.

二、从属连词:

1.after 表示“时间”,在…之后

After I finished the school, I became a worker in the factory.

2.although/though 表示让步, “尽管” Although she is young, she knows a lot.

3.as 表示时间,“当…时”,方式“象…”,原因,“由于、因为”让步,“尽管、虽然”

As it was late, we must go now.

4.as if/as though 表方式,“似乎、好像”

He told is such a story as though he had been there before.

5.as long as/so long as 表条件,“只要” As long as I am free, I’ll go to help you.

6.as soon as 表时间,“一…就…” I will phone you as soon as I come back.

7.because 表原因,“因为” I have to stay in bed because I am ill.

8.before 表时间,“在…之前“ You should think more before you do it.

9.even if/ even though 表让步,“即使” You should try again even if you failed.

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