上海 回到官网首页下载APP

定语从句引导词 中考英语定语从句知识点:关系代词引导的定语从句

  1.who指人,在从句中做主语

  (1)The boys who are playing football are from Class One.

  (2)Yesterday I helped an old man who lost his way.

  2. whom指人,在定语从句中充当宾语,常可省略。

  (1) Mr. Liu is the person (whom) you talked about.

  注意:关系代词whom在口语和非正式语体中常用who代替,可省略。

  (3) The man who/whom you met just now is my friend.

  3. which指物,在定语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略

  (1) Football is a game which is liked by most boys. ( which 在句子中做主语)

  (2) This is the pen (which) he bought yesterday. ( which 在句子中做宾语)

  4. that指人时,相当于who或者whom;指物时,相当于which。

  在宾语从句中做主语或者宾语,做宾语时可省略。

  (5) The people that/who come to visit the city are all here. (在句子中做主语)

  (6) Where is the man that/whom I saw this morning? (在句子中做宾语)

  5. whose通常指人,也可指物,在定语从句中做定语

  (1) He has a friend whose father is a doctor.

  (2) I lived in a house whose roof has fallen in.

  whose指物时,常用以下结构来代替

  (3)The classroom whose door is broken will soon be repaired.

  =The classroom the door of which is broken will soon be repaired.

  (5)Do you like the book whose color is yellow?

  =Do you like the book the color of which is yellow?

注:原文章转载于 ,如有问题请联系我们,邮箱zixun@changingedu.com

优秀老师 为您而选

轻轻有着严苛的教师选聘制度,每个合作老师都经过严格的资质审核、笔试和面试。

查看更多好老师

选择城市

以上没有您的城市?可以点击选择其他城市

请验证手机号登录/注册
获取验证码
登录领取

轻轻助手

快速找个好老师