Most radio and television stations in the United States are commercial stations,_____26____is tosay, they earn their money from____27____or commercials. Private companies purchase, radio and television ____ 28____from the commercial stations in order to ____ 29 ____ their products. Cable television sta-tions are also ____ 30 ____ stations, though they do not usually have advertisements.____ 31 ____ watch cablestations, people must pay the cable TV company a certain amount of money each ____ 32____.
Public radio and television stations, on the ____ 33 ____ hand, do not have advertisements and peo-ple do not have to ____ 34 ____ to watch them. These stations gain their money ____ 35 ____the govern-ment, private companies, and from some of the ____ 36 ____ who watch or listen to their programs.The ____ 37 ____ government and some large corporations give ____ 38 ____ , large gifts on money, to thepublic stations. Small businesses and people also ____ 39 ____ money to their local public radio and television stations.
ABC, CBS, and NBC are the three ____ 40 ____ commercial radio and television ____ 41 ____ in the UnitedStates. Most local commercial radio and TV stations ____ 42 ____ their programs from one of these na-tional networks. ____ 43____example, each network has a TV news program in the evening, ____ 44____thelocal stations broadcast in addition to their ____ 45 ____ local news programs.
26. [A]that [B]this [C]it [D]which
27. [A]products [B]programs [C]produce [D]governments
28. [A]place [B]time [C]period [D]hour
29. [A]sell [B]purchase [C]buy [D]advertise
30. [A]national [B]public [C]commercial [D]local
31. [A]In order to [B]So to [C]As to [D]So as to
32. [A]program [B]month [C]advertisement [D]piece
33. [A]one [B]another [C]other [D]others
34. [A]provide [B]offer [C]buy [D]pay
35. [A]from [B]on [C]in [D]with
36. [A]factories [B]businesses [C]companies [D]audiences
37. [A]Central [B]Federal [C]Official [D]Public
38. [A]pay [B]income [C]grants [D]loans
39. [A]donate [B]take [C]bring [D]carry
40. [A]mature [B]major [C]minor [D]mere
41. [A]programs [B]projects [C]nets [D]networks
42. [A]take [B]get [C]borrow [D]sell
43. [A]As [B]To [C]In [D]For
44. [A]which [B]that [C]who [D]what
45. [A]personal [B]private [C]own [D]public
"Family" is of course an elastic word. And in different countries it has differen meanings. Butwhen British people say that their society is based on family life, they are thinking of "family"in itsnarrow, peculiarly European sense of mother, father and children living together in their own houseas an economic and social unit. Thus, every British marriage indicates the beginning of a new and in-dependent family--hence the tremendous importance of marriage in British life. For both man andwoman, marriage means leaving one’s parents and starting one’s own life. The man’s first duty willthen be to his wife, and the wife’s to her husband. He will be entirely responsible for her financialsupport, and she for the running of the new home. Their children will be their common responsibilityand their alone. Neither the wife’s parents nor the husband’s, nor their brothers or sisters, aunts oruncles, have any right to interfere with them-they are their own masters.
Readers of novels likeJane Austen’s Pride and Prejudice will know that in former times, marriage among wealthy families were arranged by the girl’s parents, that is, it was the "parents' duty tofind a suitable husband for their daughter, preferably a rich one, and by skillful encouragement tolead him eventually to ask their permission to marry her. Until that time, the girl was protected andmaintained in the parents' home, and the financial relief of getting rid of her could be seen in theirgiving the newly married pair a sum of money called a dowry (嫁妆). It is very different today.Most girls of today get a job when they leave school and become financially independent before theirmarriage. This has had two results. A girl chooses her own husband, and she gets no dowry. Everycoin has two sides; independence for girls is no exception. But it may be a good thing for all of thegirls, as their social status are much higher and they are no longer the subordinate(部下，下级) oftheir parents and husbands.
46. What does the author mean by "Family is of course an elastic word"?
[A]Different families have different ways of life.
[B]Different definitions could be given to the word.
[C]Different nations have different families.
[D]Different times produce different families.
47. For an English family, the husband’s duty is________
[A]supporting the family while the wife is working out
[B]defending the family while the wife is running the home
[C]providing financial support while the wife is running the home
[D]independent while his wife is also independent
48. Everything is decided in a family________
[A]by the couple
[B]with the help of their parents
[C]by brothers and sisters
[D]with the help of aunts and uncles
49. What is TRUE conceming the book Pride and Prejudice?
[A]It is the best book on marriage.
[B]It is a handbook on marriage.
[C]It gives some idea of English social life in the past.
[D]It provides a lot of information of former-time wealthy families.
50. With regard to marriage in Britain, present-day girls differ from former-time girls in________
[A]the right family
[B]more parental support
Steveland Morris is a household name in America. Ask Steveland Morris and he' 11 tell you thatblindness is not necessarily disabling. Steveland was born prematurely(过早地, 不到期地) and total-ly without sight in 1950s. He became Stevie Wonder composer, singer, and pianist. The winner often Grammy awards, Stevie is widely acclaimed(喝彩) for his outstanding contributions to the musicworld.
As a child, Stevie learned not to think about the things he could not do, but to concentrate onthe things that he could do. His parents encouraged him to join in his sighted brothers as many activi-ties as possible. They also helped him to sharpen his sense of heating, the sense upon which the usu-ally disabled are so dependent.
Because sound was so important to him. Stevie began at an early age to experiment with differ-ent kinds of sound. He would bang things together and then imitate th sound with his voice. Oftenrelying on sound for entertainment, he sang, beat on toy drums, played a toy harmonica(口琴) ,andlistened to the radio.
Stevie soon graduated from toy instruments to real instruments. He first learned to play thedrums. He then mastered the harmonica and the piano. He became a member of the junior churchchoir(唱诗班) and a lead singer. In the evenings and on weekends, Stevie would play different in-struments and sing popular rhythm and blues tunes on the front porches (走廊) of neighbors' homes.One of Stevie’s sessions was overheard by Ronnie White, a member of a popular singing groupcalled The Miracles. Ronnie immediately recognized Stevie’s talent and took him to audition (试听)for Berry Gordy, the president of Hitsville USA, a large recording company now known as Motown.Stevie recorded his first smash hit "Fingertips" in 1962 at age twelve, and the rest of Stevie’s story ismusic history.
51. This passage could be entitled________
[A]The Music World
52. Which of the following is NOT true about Stevie's childhood?
[A]Stevie often told people that a blind person was not necessarily disabled.
[B]He learnt to concentrate on things that he could do.
[C]He played as often as possible with his brother, who had normal sight.
[D]He tried very hard to train his sense of heating.
53. By saying "Stevie soon graduated from toy instruments to real instruments", the author means that________
[A]Stevie finished tiis study at a toy instruments school
[B]Stevie began to study in a real instruments school
[C]Stevie gave up all his toy instruments and began to buy many real instruments
[D]Stevie started to play real instruments
54. The author mentions all the following facts EXCEPT that________
[A]Stevie’s neighbors could often enjoy his playing and singing
[B]it was Ronnie White that recognized Stevie’s talent and led him to a successful career
[C]Berry Cordy helped him to set up his own recording company
[D]Stevie’s parents played a very important part in training his sense of hearing
55. The "Fingertips"________
[A]recorded Stevie’s musical performance that won him instant fame
[B]was a record that turned out to be a great success
[C]carried the message that the blind could work miracles with their fingertips