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小学英语语法 中小学英语语法汇总

1.一般过去时表示过去某个时间发生的动作或存在的状态,常和表示过去的时间状语连用。一般过去时也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作感谢。

2.Be动词在一般过去时中的变化:

⑴am 和is在一般过去时中变为was。(was not=wasn’t)

⑵are在一般过去时中变为were。(were not=weren’t)

⑶带有was或were的句子,其否定、疑问的变化和is, am, are一样,即否定句在was或were后加not,一般疑问句把was或were调到句首。

3.句中没有be动词的一般过去时的句子

   否定句:didn’t +动词原形,如:Jim didn’t go home yesterday.

   一般疑问句:在句首加did,句子中的动词过去式变回原形。

如:Did Jim go home yesterday?

   特殊疑问句:⑴疑问词+did+主语+动词原形?

如:        What did Jim do yesterday?

⑵疑问词当主语时:疑问词+动词过去式?

如:Who went to home yesterday?

动词过去式变化规则:

1.一般在动词末尾加-ed,如:pull-pulled, cook-cooked

2.结尾是e加d,如:taste-tasted

3.末尾只有一个元音字母和一个辅音字母的重读闭音节,应双写末尾的辅音字母,再加-ed,如:stop-stopped

4.以“辅音字母+y”结尾的,变y为i, 再加-ed,如:study-studied

5.不规则动词过去式:

am,is-was,  are-were,   do-did,   see-saw,  say-said, give-gave, get-got, go-went, come-came,  have-had,   eat-ate,    take-took,  run-ran,  sing-sang,  put-put, fly-flew,

make-made, read-read, write-wrote, draw-drew, drink-drank, ride-rode, speak-spoke, sweep-swept,  swim-swam,  sit-sat

过去时练习

一、写出下列动词的过去式

isam_________      fly_______          plant________      are ________

drink_________      play_______         go________        make _____ ___

does_________       dance________       worry________     ask _____

taste_________       eat__________       draw________       put ______

throw________       kick_________       pass_______        do  ________

二、用be动词的适当形式填空

1. I ______ (watch) a cartoon(卡通片) on Saturday.

2. Her father _______ (read) a newspaper(报纸) last night.

3. We _________ to zoo yesterday, we _____ to the park. (go)

4. ______ you _______ (visit) your relatives(亲戚) last Spring Festival?

5. ______ he _______ (fly) a kite on Sunday? Yes, he ______.

6. I ____________ (sweep) the floor yesterday, but my mother ______.

7. ---What ______ she _______ (find) in the garden(公园) last morning?

---She __________ (find) a beautiful butterfly(蝴蝶).

注:原文章转载于 ,如有问题请联系我们,邮箱songchunlin@changingedu.com

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