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新概念英语第一册书 新概念英语第一册课文及语法详解(3)

  词汇学习  Word study

  1.hope

  (1)v. 希望;盼望;期待:

  I hope that you'll have a lovely vacation.  我希望你能有一个愉快的假期。

  Mark's hoping to study Law at Harvard.  马克盼望着进入哈佛大学学习法律。

  I hope that you've got some money.  我希望你有了些钱。

  (2)n. 希望,期望;指望:

  We are full of hope for the future.  我们对未来充满信心。

  (3)n. 期望着的事;被寄予希望的人:

  His hope is that his son will get married and settle down soon.

  他所希望的是他儿子能早点结婚,安顿下来。

  He is a young man of genius, the hope of Russian poetry.

  他是一位年轻的天才,是俄罗斯诗歌的希望所在。

  2.need

  (1)v. 需要:

  We need some honey.  我们需要些蜂蜜。

  Do you need any help?  你需要帮忙吗?

  Does he need to know?  他需要知道吗?

  (2)n. 需要(物);必要:

  There is no need of worrying.  不必担心。

  There's a growing need of new housing in many cities.  许多城市正面临着对新建房屋的不断增长的需求。

  We don't have any urgent need for money.  我们并不急需钱。

  练习答案  Key to written exercises

  Lesson 80

  A

  1  I haven't got much butter.

  2  You haven't got many envelopes.

  3  We haven't got much milk.

  4  She hasn't got many biscuits.

  5  They haven't got much stationery.

  B

  1  They need a lot of bread. They haven't got much.

  They must go to the baker's to get some bread.

  2  She needs a lot of eggs. She hasn't got many.

  She must go to the grocer's to get some eggs.

  3  They need a lot of magazines. They haven't got many.

  They must go to the newsagent's to get some magazines.

  4  I need a lot of beef. I haven't got much.

  I must go to the butcher's to get some beef.

  5  She needs a lot of butter. She hasn't got much.

  She must go to the grocer's to get some butter.

  6  They need a lot of bananas. They haven't got many.

  They must go to the greengrocer's to get some bananas.

  7  He needs a lot of medicine. He hasn't got much.

  He must go to the chemist's to get some medicine.

  新概念第一册81-82 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.No, thanks, Tom. 不,谢谢,汤姆。

  在别人请你吃东西时,如果你吃,就说Ok, thanks/Oh, thank you。如果你不吃,则说No, thanks。

  2. Oh! 噢!

  是感叹词,在这里表示惊讶。

  3.Well, you're going to have roast beef and potatoes  again tonight!唉,今晚你们又要吃烤牛肉和土豆了!

  是陈述句形式的感叹句。这里的well可理解为感叹词,表示惊讶。

  语法  Grammar in use

  完全动词have(3)

  have可以代替常用动词,表示eat, enjoy, experience, drink, take等意义。这时的have是行为动词,所以与动作有关,而不像 have表示“具有”时(请参见 Lessons 59~60语法部分)那样表示状态(如 I have〈got〉a car)。因此,它可以用于各种时态。

  如:

  Have a cigarette!  抽根烟吧!

  I'm having a drink.  我在喝酒。

  We had lunch together today. 我们今天一起吃了午饭。

  当have不表示“有”而表示其他意思时,其用法和英语中的其他动词相同,意即:在疑问和否定结构中,have的一般现在时和一般过去时形式必须用do,does和 did

  词汇学习  Word study

  1. nearly  v.

  (1)几乎;差不多;差点儿:

  The dinner is nearly ready.  饭马上就好。

  I nearly missed the train.  我险些赶不上火车。

  (2)极;密切地:

  He resembles a film star nearly.  他酷似一位电影明星。

  The matter concerns us nearly.  这事与我们有切身关系。

  2.ready  adj.

  (1)准备就绪的:

  Dinner will be ready in 20 minutes.  20分钟后就可以开饭了。

  Are you ready to leave?  你是不是准备好这就可以动身了?

  (2)预先准备好的;立即可得到的:

  The apples are ripe and ready to eat.   苹果完全熟了,随时可以享用。

  We must get the house ready for our guests.  我们必须把房子收拾停当,以期我们的客人随时入住。

  (3)快的,立即的:

  He gave a ready consent.   他立即爽快地表示同意。

  This new system gives users readier access to the data.  这个新系统可以使用户们更快捷地进入数据库。

  练习答案  Key to written exercises

  Lesson 82

  A

  1  They ate a meal at a restaurant.

  2  We went for a holiday last month.

  3  Eat a biscuit.

  4  You enjoyed yourself.

  5  They are eating their lunch.

  6  I drank a glass of milk.

  B

  1  They are going to have breakfast.

  2  They are having lunch.

  3  He must have tea.

  4  They had dinner.

  5  They must have a meal.

  6  He is going to have a swim.

  7  He is having a bath.

  8  He had a haircut.

  9  They are having a lesson.

  10  They had a party.

  11  They must have a holiday.

  12  They are going to have a good time.

  新概念第一册83-84 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.Come in. 进来吧。

  Have a cup of tea then. 那么喝杯咖啡吧。

  Let's go into the living-room, Carol. 我们到客厅里去吧,卡罗尔。

  这3句都是祈使句。表示请求或命令的句子叫祈使句。祈使句中主语you常不出现,谓语动词用原形,句末用感叹号或句号。读时用降调。

  2.I've just had a cup. 我刚喝了一杯。

  句中 cup后省略了 of coffee。

  3.We're going to leave tomorrow. 明天我们就要走了。

  这里的 are going to表示“打算”、“准备”。请参见 Lessons 37~38语法部分。

  语法  Grammar in use

  现在完成时

  (1)在英语中,现在完成时主要用于以下两种情况:或者表示在过去不确定的时间里发生的并与现在有着某种联系的动作;或者表示开始于过去并持续到现在的动作。本课中萨姆所面临的是第1种情况,正是因为他吃了饭,喝过了咖啡,也休过假,因此他谢绝了汤姆的邀请,并表示今年已无可能再次休假。

  (2)现在完成时在汉语中常用“了”、“过”或“已经”来表示。

  (3)现在完成时由 have/has+ 过去分词构成,单数第 3人称用has,其他人称皆用have。规则动词的过去分词与过去式相同,而不规则动词的过去分词则无统一的规律可言,需特别加以记忆。

  (4)一般现在完成时通常与表示不确定的时间副词或短语连用如 just, already, before, never, ever, twice, three times等。

  词汇学习  Word study

  1. leave  v.

  (1)离开,出发:

  The train is going to leave in 5 minutes.  火车将于5分钟后开出。

  I'm going to leave Italy.  我准备离开意大利。

  (2)舍弃;脱离:

  John's wife left him for another man.  约翰的妻子舍他而去,投入另一个男子的怀抱。

  Alexander is leaving the company after 30 years' service  亚历山大将在为公司服务了30年之后离开公司。

  (3)留给,遗留;委托:

  The famous actress left all her money to charity. 这位著名的女演员将她所有的钱都遗留给了慈善机构。

  ‘Leave it to me, ’he said.  “这事交给我来办吧,”他说道。

  2.pack  v.

  (1)打包,装箱:

  We are leaving tomorrow and I haven't even started packing yet.

  我们明天就要走了,而我甚至还没开始将行李打包呢。

  Don' t forget to pack the mirror!  别忘了把镜子装起来!

  (2)挤满,塞满:

  The movie fans packed the hall.  大厅里挤满了影迷。

  The bus was packed with people.  公共汽车里挤满了人

  练习答案  Key to written exercises

  Lesson 84

  A

  1  I've already had some.

  2  I've already had one.

  3  I've already had one.

  4  I've already had some.

  5  I've already had one.

  6  I've already had one.

  7  I've already had some.

  B

  1  He hasn't had any beans.

  He's just  had some peas.

  2  They haven't had any tea.

  They've just had some coffee.

  3  I haven't had any apples.

  I've just had some peaches.

  4  I haven't had any cabbage.

  I've just had some lettuce.

  5  She hasn't had any beer.

  She's just had some wine.

  6  He hasn't had any lamb.

  He's just had some beef.

  7  They haven't had any tea.

  They've just had some milk.

  8  She hasn't had any meat.

  She's just had some vegetables.

  9  I haven't had any chicken.

  I've just had some steak.

  10  They haven't had any bananas.

  They've just had some oranges.

  新概念第一册85-86 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.I've never been there. 我从未去过。

  never 表示“从无”、“从未”,在这里有强调之意。

  2. Have you ever been there, Ken? 肯,你去过吗?

  ever常用于否定句、疑问句以及表示条件的从句中表示“以往任何时候”、“曾经”、“在任何时候”、“从来”这类意思。用在此句中也有强调之意。

  语法  Grammar in use

  have been与 have gone

  have been to a place表示曾经去过某地,但现在不在那个地方了;have gone to a place表示已经去某地了,现在在那个地方或正在去的路上。如:

  George has been to Paris. 乔治去过巴黎。(他现在不在巴黎。)

  George has gone to Paris. 乔治去了巴黎。(他在巴黎或去巴黎的路上。)

  Have you ever been to America?你去过美国吗?(对方不在美国境内。)

  Has he gone to Washington D. C.? 他去华盛顿了吗?(被提到的人有可能现在美国境内或在赴美途中。)

  词汇学习  Word study

  beautiful  adj.

  (1)美丽的,使生美感的:

  She was even more beautiful than I had expected.

  她甚至比我预期的还要美。

  She's a girl with a beautiful voice.

  她是一位嗓音美妙动听的姑娘。

  (2)出色的,完美的;令人愉悦的:

  Her French is as beautiful as her English.

  她的法文说得和英文一样漂亮。

  He did a beautiful job of painting the desk.

  他油漆了书桌,活干得很漂亮。

  Beautiful weather, isn't it?

  天气晴朗宜人,对吗?

  练习答案  Key to written exercises

  Lesson 86

  A

  1  She has just boiled an egg.

  3  She has never been to China, but he was there in 1992.

  4  He has already painted that bookcase.

  7  He has just dusted the cupboard.

  B

  1  I've already cleaned my shoes.

  I cleaned my shoes last night.

  2  I've already opened the window.

  I opened the window an hour ago.

  3  I've already sharpened my pencil.

  I sharpened my pencil a minute ago.

  4  I've already turned on the television.

  I turned on the television ten minutes ago.

  5  I've already boiled the milk.

  I boiled the milk yesterday morning.

  6  I've already emptied the basket.

  I emptied the basket yesterday.

  7  I've already asked a question.

  I asked the question two minutes ago.

  8  I've already typed that letter.

  I typed that letter this morning.

  9  I've already washed my hands.

  I washed my hands five minutes ago.

  10  I've already walked across the park.

  I walked across the park an hour ago.

  11  I've already painted that bookcase.

  I painted that bookcase a year ago.

  12  I've already dusted the cupboard.

  I dusted the cupboard this afternoon.

  新概念第一册87-88 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.When did you bring it to us? 您什么时候送来的?

  bring表示“送来”、“带来”和“拿来”的意思,在方位上多指朝说话人而来。

  2.…they're still working on it. ……他们还在修呢。

  work on 表示“从事”、“干”(某事)。 still是“仍然”、“还在”的意思,此处在句中对 working on it起了强调的作用。

  3.have a look at it, 看一下。

  这里的 it指 car,以避免重复。这里的 look是名词,have a look at与 look at意思是一样的。

  4.Isn't that your car? 这难道不是您的车吗?

  Didn't you have a crash? 难道您没有出车祸吗?

  在英文中可以用一般疑问句的否定形式来表示期待、请求或希望得到肯定的答复。

  语法  Grammar in use

  现在完成时的疑问式及否定式

  现在完成时的构成是 have/has+ 过去分词,因此其疑问式是将have/has提到主语之前,否定式则在have/has后加上not即可。

  词汇学习  Word study

  1.repair  v.

  (1)修理;修复;修补:

  I'll have to get the bicycle repaired.

  我得请人把自行车修理一下。

  She looked into the mirror and began to repair her face.

  她向镜中望去,开始往脸上重敷脂粉。

  (2)弥补;修复;赔偿:

  How can I repair the mistake I have made?

  我如何才能弥补我所犯的错误呢?

  It will take a while to repair the confidence of the general public.

  要恢复公众的信心尚需要一些时间。

  2.try  v.

  (1)试图;设法,努力:

  They tried hard to repair the damaged car.

  他们竭尽全力修理那辆被损坏了的汽车。

  He is trying to move the book shelf.

  他正试图搬动那个书架。

  (2)尝试,试用;试验:

  She's trying her new car.

  她正在试她的新车。

  I'll try that Italian restaurant next time.

  下次我要到那家意大利餐馆去尝尝他们的菜。

  练习答案  Key to written exercises

  Lesson 88

  A

  1  Did he find his pen a minute ago?

  He didn't find his pen a minute ago.

  2  Did he get a new television last week?

  He didn't get a new television last week.

  3  Did you hear the news on the radio?

  We didn't hear the news on the radio.

  4  Did they leave this morning?

  They didn't leave this morning.

  5  Did he lose his umbrella yesterday?

  He didn't lose his umbrella yesterday.

  6  Did you sweep the floor this morning?

  I didn't sweep the floor this morning.

  B

  1  Has he met Mrs. Jones yet?

  Yes, he has already met Mrs. Jones.

  When did he meet Mrs. Jones?

  He met her two weeks ago.

  2  Has the boss left yet?

  Yes, the boss has already left.

  When did the boss leave?

  He left ten minutes ago.

  3  Has he had breakfast yet?

  Yes, he has already had breakfast.

  When did he have breakfast?

  He had breakfast at half past seven.

  4  Has she found her pen yet?

  Yes, she has already found her pen.

  When did she find her pen?

  She found her pen an hour ago.

  5  Has he got a television yet?

  Yes, he has already got a television.

  When did he get a television?

  He got a television two weeks ago.

  6  Has she heard the news yet?

  Yes, she has already heard the news.

  When did she hear the news?

  She heard the news yesterday.

  7  Has she made the bed yet?

  Yes, she has already made the bed.

  When did she make the bed?

  She made the bed this morning.

  8  Has he sent the letter yet?

  Yes, he has already sent the letter.

  When did he send the letter?

  He sent the letter the day before yesterday.

  9  Has she swept the floor yet?

  Yes, she has already swept the floor.

  When did she sweep the floor?

  She swept  the floor yesterday morning.

  10  Has she told him the truth yet?

  Yes, she has already told him the truth.

  When did she tell him the truth?

  She told him the truth last night.

  新概念第一册89-90 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注  Further notes on the text

  1.I believe that this house is for sale. 我想这房子是要新概念的吧!

  believe是“相信”、“认为”的意思,后可跟某人或名词性从句。如:

  I believe you.

  我相信你(说的话)。

  I believe that he has already gone to London.

  我认为他已经去伦敦了。

  for sale意为“供新概念”、“待售”。

  She has put her house up for sale.  她的房子现在出售

  2.How long have you lived here? 您在这里住了多长时间?

  how long常用于询问时间的长短与物体的长度。

  3.since 1976, 从 1976年起。

  这是介词短语,since在这里是介词。用这个介词短语作时间状语的句子中,谓语要用完成时。(请参见本课语法部分。)

  4.How much does this house cost? 这座房子卖多少钱?

  how much常用于询问东西的新概念。 cost是指得到一件东西所花费的钱,其真正的价值可能低于或高于所要的价。这种新概念主要是指商店内的标价或货主索要的新概念。相比之下,worth (prep.)主要是指某物的本身价值。

  5.…I can'T decide yet.……我还不能决定。

  句中的yet常见于否定句,表示“迄今仍未”的意思。

  语法  Grammar in use

  for与 since

  现在完成时还可以描述发生在过去且一直延续到现在的动作,这种动作甚至有可能延续下去。在这种情况下,它一般与for+ 一段时间、since+ 某个时间点连用。

  请注意:for+ 一段时间表示某个动作持续多长时间;since+ 某个时间点表示某个动作是何时开始的。

  词汇学习  Word study

  1.retire  v.

  (1)退休;离职:

  He retired at the age of 60.

  他60岁时退休了。

  He's going to retire soon from the sea.

  不久他将退休,结束其航海生涯。

  (2)退出;退隐:

  He often retires to his country house at weekends.

  他周末通常到他那个乡间别墅生活。

  The ladies retired,  and the gentlemen went on drinking and chatting.

  女士们离席退出,先生们则继续喝酒聊天。

  2.worth  prep.

  (1)相当于……价值,值……钱:

  The new house would be worth 50, 000 pounds.

  这座新房子会值50,000英镑。

  How much is the necklace worth?

  这条项链值多少钱?

  (2)具有……价值;值得:

  That city is worth visiting.  那座城市值得一游。

  Is the film worth seeing?   这部电影值得一看吗?

  练习答案  Key to written exercises

  Lesson 90

  A

  1  Did the sun set at twenty past seven?

  The sun didn't set at twenty past seven.

  2  Did he eat his lunch at one o'clock?

  He didn't eat his lunch at one o'clock.

  3  Did they do their homework last night?

  They didn't do their homework last night.

  4  Did he come by car this morning?

  He didn't come by car this morning.

  5  Did the sun rise at half past five?

  The sun didn't rise at half past five.

  6  Did you swim across the river yesterday?

  We didn't swim across the river yesterday.

  B

  1  Yes, I did my homework last night.

  He hasn't done his homework yet.

  2  Yes, Mrs. Jones went to the butcher's this morning.

  Mrs. Williams hasn't been to the butcher's yet.

  3  Yes, I spoke to him yesterday.

  She hasn't spoken to him yet.

  4  Yes, George swam across the river an hour ago.

  Sam hasn't swum across it yet.

  5  Yes, I saw that film yesterday.

  Sam and Penny haven't seen that film yet.

  6  Yes, Tim took off his shoes a minute ago.

  Frank hasn't taken off his shoes yet.

  新概念第一册91-92 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.We'll all miss him. 我们大家都会想念他的。

  all,大家,全部,指3个或3个以上的人或物;指两个用both。这里的all作we的同位语。

  2.…but his wife did.……可是他妻子离开。

  句中 did代替上文中的 wanted to leave。

  语法 Grammar in use

  一般将来时

  (1)一般将来时表示将来某一时刻的动作、状态以及打算。该时态一般与表示将来意义的时间状语连用,如tomorrow(明天),this month(本月), the day after tomorrow(后天),next week (下周), in two days' time(两天之后), from now on(从现在起),in the future(将来)等。

  (2)一般将来时的形式为 will/shall+ 动词原形。

  will可用于所有人称,但shall仅表示单纯将来时用于第一人称I和we,作为will的一种替代形式。

  否定缩写: shan't =shall not, won't =will not:

  I shan't leave tonight. I'll leave tomorrow.  今天夜里我不走。我将于明天离开。

  They won't go to London this weekend.  这个周末他们不去伦敦。

  此外,will除了表示纯粹的将来时间外,还表示说话人的意图和意愿,而shall除了表示将来时间外同时还表示说话人的责任或决心。

  (3)除了will/shall外,还可以用其他方法表示将来。在口语中,be going to比 will/shall更为普通,用来表示说话人的意图或打算。如:

  She is going to travel by air.   她打算乘飞机旅行。

  也可用来表示有迹象某事即将发生。如:

  It's going to rain.  将要下雨了。

  (4)可与将来时连用的时间短语有:

  今天:

  this morning/afternoon/evening今天上午/下午/晚上tonight今夜

  明天:

  tomorrow morning/ afternoon/evening明天上午/下午/晚上

  后天:

  the day after tomorrow后天     the night after next后天夜里

  其他:

  in the morning在上午

  in the afternoon 在下午

  in the evening在晚上

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.miss v.

  (1)想念,惦念:

  We'll miss you.  我们会想念你的。

  His mother misses him very much.  他母亲很惦念他。

  (2)错过;未做到:

  He overslept and missed his train. 他睡过了头,错过了他那班火车。

  I missed an opportunity of realizing my dream.  我错过了一个可能实现自己梦想的机会。

  2.still adv.

  (1)还是,仍然:

  I still don't understand what he meant.  我还是不明白他是什么意思。

  She was still beautiful at the age of 46.  她46岁时依然漂亮。

  (2)还要,甚至更:

  It was hot yesterday, but it's still hotter today.

  昨天很热,然而今天甚至还要热些。

  She looked very ill last week and this week looks still worse.

  上星期她看上去病得很厉害,而这个星期看来更不行了。

  (3)静止地;安静地:

  He is sitting still.  他一动不动地坐着。

  The patient is lying still.  病人安静地躺着。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 92

  A

  1 He'll arrive tomorrow morning.

  2 She'll come this evening.

  3 It'll snow tonight.

  4 He'll not believe me.

  B

  1 Yes, and it will snow tomorrow, too.

  2 Yes, and he will get up late tomorrow, too.

  3 Yes, and he will arrive late tomorrow, too.

  4 Yes, and he will finish work late tomorrow, too.

  5 Yes, and she will drive to London tomorrow, too.

  6 Yes, and she will telephone him tomorrow, too.

  7 Yes, and he will have a shave tomorrow, too.

  8 Yes, and she will sweep the floor tomorrow, too.

  新概念第一册93-94 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.next-door, 隔壁的。

  2.the month after next, 再下个月。

  after next 表示“下下个”,如:the week after next下下个星期

  语法 Grammar in use

  可与一般将来时连用的时间短语

  (1) this week(这周),next week(下周),the week after next(下下周),this month(这个月),next month(下个月),the month after next(下下个月), this year(今年),next year(明年),the year after next(后年).

  注:一般过去时中通常会用last一词,而不是next.

  (2) in a day's time(一天以后), in a year's time(一年以后), in two weeks time(两周后), in three months' time(3个月后)等等。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.return v.

  (1)回,返回:

  He's just returned from abroad.  他刚从国外回来。

  He'll return to London the week after next. 下下个星期他将返回伦敦。

  (2)回复:

  Spring will return soon.  很快就又是春天了。

  He returned to his copy of the New York Times.

  他又重读起他那份《纽约时报》来。

  (3)归还;退还:

  I'm going to return these books to the library.

  我要把这些书还给图书馆。

  I lent him my records and he never returned them!

  我把自己的唱片借给他,而他却从未归还!

  2.lucky adj.

  (1)有好运的,幸运的:

  Nigel is a very lucky man.  奈杰尔是个很幸运的人。

  She was lucky to get such a well-paid job.  她能得到这样一个报酬优厚的工作真幸运。

  (2)侥幸的,碰巧的:

  He didn't really know the answer----it was just a lucky guess.

  他并非真知道答案--那不过是个侥幸的猜测。

  It's lucky he's here.  他碰巧在这儿。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 94

  A

  1 He will go to New York next week.

  2 She will go to Sydney next month.

  3 I will go to Paris the year after next.

  4 We will go to Stockholm next year.

  5 They will go to Geneva the week after next.

  B

  1 No, Helen won't return to Geneva next year. She'll return to Bombay.

  2 No, I won't fly to London tomorrow. I'll fly to Geneva.

  3 No, Tom and I won't go to Madrid next year. We'll go to London. w

  4 No, Tom won't arrive from Moscow next month. He'll arrive from Madrid.

  5 No, Carol and Helen won't stay in New York next month. They'll stay in Moscow.

  新概念第一册95-96 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.plenty of, 充足的,足够的。

  后面可跟可数名词或不可数名词。

  There is plenty of coal in this area. 这个地区有丰富的煤。

  There are plenty of good places to camp in.   有许多好地方可以露营。

  We believe in taking in plenty of fresh air and getting plenty of exercise.

  我们主张呼吸新鲜空气和参加足够的锻炼。

  Keep warm, drink plenty of hot water and get plenty of rest.

  穿暧和些,多喝热水,多休息。

  2.ten minutes slow, 慢 10分钟; ten minutes fast, 快 10分钟。

  3.When's the next train?下一班车是什么时候?

  这个句子是用来询问火车启程时间时常见的句型。

  语法 Grammar in use

  had better与 must

  had better表示“最好还是”、“最好”,表达某种忠告或建议。  句型:had better do sth.

  must则表示“必须”、“一定”,语气比 had better强烈。

  had better表示现在时或将来时,而不是过去时。 其否定形式为 had better not do sth.

  We had better wait and watch for a better chance.

  我们最好等一等,寻找更好的机会。

  When it rains, you had better not go out.

  天下雨的时候,你最好别出去。

  You had better be overhauled by a doctor.

  你最好给医生详细检查一下。

  You had better do a little hard thinking.

  你最好仔细想一下。

  If you can't finish the book by then, you must come and renew it.

  这本书如果你到时候还看不完, 就必须来续借。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.exact adj.

  (1)精确的;确切的;恰好的:

  What is the exact time? 确切时间是什么时候?

  This vase is an exact replica.  这只花瓶是件很巧妙的复制品。

  It's the exact shape I've been looking for. 这恰好是我一直以来要寻找的外形。

  (2)严格的;严厉的:

  The workers must obey exact rules. 工人们必须遵守严格的规定。

  2.catch v.

  (1)赶上;及时赶到:

  We must hurry if we want to catch the last train.

  假如我们想赶上最后一班火车就必须快点。

  Every morning she would catch the 7.30 train to town.

  天天早上她都赶7点半的那班火车进城。

  (2)听清楚;理解:

  I didn't catch what you said just now.

  我没听清楚你刚才所说的话。

  (3)引起(注重等);吸引,迷住:

  The bright colours on the wall caught our attention.

  墙壁上鲜艳的颜色吸引了我们的注重力。

  The beautiful view in front of me caught and held me.

  我面前漂亮的景色把我迷住了。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 96

  A

  1 I had better stay here.

  2 We had better wait for him.

  3 You had better call a doctor.

  4 They had better go home.

  5 She had better hurry.

  6 You had better be careful.

  B

  1 I'll go to Sydney in a month's time.

  2 The next train will leave for Geneva in an hour's time.

  3 I'll fly to Beijing in two days' time.

  4 Jean and I will go to London in an hour's time.

  新概念第一册97-98 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.I left a suitcase on the train to London the other day. 几天前我把一只手提箱忘在开往伦敦的火车上了。

  句中left是leave的过去式。leave在这里表示“遗忘”、“丢下”,通常可与表示地点的短语连用。句型:leave sth + some place(某地) 又如:

  I left my glasses in the library.  我把眼镜忘在图书馆里了。

  the other day表示“几天前”。the other +表示时间的名词通常只与过去时态连用。类似的短语有:the other morning/afternoon/evening/night(几天前上午/下午/晚上/夜里),the other week/ month/ year(几周/月/年前)。

  2.There's a label on the handle with my name and address on it. 箱把上有一标签,上面写着我的姓名和住址。

  句中介词with在这里可理解为“有”的意思。

  3.fifty pence, 50 便士。

  pence是penny(便士)的复数形式,表示币值。

  语法 Grammar in use

  所有格形容词和所有格代词 (2)(请参见 Lessons 11~12语法部分。)

  所有格形容词和所有格代词都是用来表示所有关系的。所有格形容词是限定词,放在名词前与名词构成名词短语,在句中作定语用。所有格代词后面不能再加名词,在句中作主语、宾语、表语用。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.belong v.

  (1)(在所有权方面)属于:

  That pen belongs to him.  那枝笔是他的。

  This house belongs to Mrs. White. 这所房子属于怀特太太。

  (2)是……的成员:

  Do you belong to the golf club?  你是高尔夫球俱乐部的成员吗?

  Which party does he belong to? 他是哪个党的党员?

  (3)(在关系等方面)属于:

  The novel really belongs to the 19th century.

  这部小说其实是属于19世纪的。

  We belong to the same generation.

  我们属于同代人。

  2.describe v.

  (1)描述;形容:

  She described the woman to the police.

  她向警方描述了那个女人的外貌。

  He described the whole event in detail.

  他详尽地描述了整个事件。

  (2)把……说成;把……称为(as):

  They describe him as ambitious.

  他们把他称为雄心勃勃的人。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 98

  A

  1 They are his.

  2 It is mine.

  3 They are hers.

  4 They are ours.

  5 The pens are theirs.

  6 It is yours.

  B

  1 Yes, it's hers. It belongs to Jane.

  2 Yes, they're theirs. They belong to them.

  3 Yes, it's mine. It belongs to me.

  4 Yes, they're hers. They belong to her.

  5 Yes, it's yours. It belongs to you.

  6 Yes, it's his. It belongs to him.

  7 Yes, they' re theirs. They belong to them.

  8 Yes, it's ours. It belongs to us.

  9 Yes, they' re theirs. They belong to them.

  新概念第一册99-100 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.get up,站起来。 这一短语还可表示“起床”。

  2.be afraid that,想,恐怕;be sure that, 想,认为。

  这两个结构后面通常接从句,在口语中有时that可省略。

  I am afraid I can't help you.  恐怕我帮不了你。

  I'm sure that everything will be better by then. 我相信到那时一切都会更美好。

  语法 Grammar in use

  1.宾语从句(1)

  宾语从句在句中作宾语,一般用that引导,但在口语中经常省略掉 that.  可用在 say, think, believe, hope, know, understand, suppose 等动词之后:

  She says that she is cold.  她说她冷。

  He thinks that he needs an X-ray.  他认为他需要拍个X片。

  I know that I can repair this car.  我知道我能修理这部车。

  They believe that they will have more money.   他们认为他们会有更多的钱。

  可用在某些描写感情的形容词之后,如 afraid, sure, sorry,glad等:

  I am sure that you need an X-ray.

  我觉得你需要拍个X片。

  I am sorry that you are ill.

  听到你生病了我很难过。

  2.间接引述时的时态

  假如间接引语中的引述动词是现在时,那么其后的时态通常与原来口头陈述句的时态相同。转述刚刚说完的话时通常皆如此。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.slip v.

  (1)滑倒:

  She slipped and fell down on the wet stones.

  她脚下滑了一下,跌倒在潮湿的石头上。

  (2)滑落;脱落:

  The soap slipped out of her hand.

  肥皂从她的手中滑落。

  (3)下滑;下跌:

  Profits continue to slip this year.

  利润今年呈持续下跌趋势。

  (4)遗忘;忽略:

  Our wedding anniversary completely slipped my mind.

  我把我们的结婚纪念日忘得一干二净。

  2.hurt v.

  (1)弄痛;使受伤:

  Have you hurt yourself?

  你伤着自己了吗?

  He fell off the bicycle and hurt his leg.

  他从自行车上摔下来,摔伤了一条腿。

  (2)危害;损害:

  That case has hurt his reputation.

  那个案件损害了他的声誉。

  I don't mean to hurt you.

  我本无意伤害你的感情。

  3.help v.

  (1)帮助;援助;救助:

  He devoted his life to helping the disabled.

  他付出一生的心血去帮助那些残疾人。

  Would you help me to lift this box?

  你能否帮我抬一下这只箱子?

  (2)对……有帮助;对……有好处:

  My knowledge of French helped me a lot while I was travelling in France.

  我在法国旅行时,我的法文知识帮了我大忙。

  Humour can help in a tense situation.

  幽默能够缓和紧张局面。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 100

  A

  1 She says that she has found her pen.

  2 They say that they must remain here.

  3 He says that he remembers you.

  4 She says that she doesn't speak English.

  5 They say that they are washing the dishes.

  B

  1 He says that he feels ill.

  2 She says that she has got a headache.

  3 He says that he wants a haircut.

  4 They say that they are thirsty.

  5 They say that they have a toothache.

  6 She says that she needs a licence.

  7 He says that he wants an X-ray.

  8 She says that she is cold.

  9 He says that he has got a cold.

  10 He says that he has an earache.

  新概念第一册101-102 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1. speak up,大声地说,清楚地说。

  up作副词用时可表示强度等的由弱到强、由低到高:

  Can you get up to that note ? 你能唱得到那么高的音吗?

  2.He doesn't say very much,does he?他没写许多,是吗?

  附加疑问句中的前后两部分的谓语在时态、人称和数上都要一致。回答这种问句时要简略,要根据事实回答。假如答语本身是肯定的,就用 Yes;假如答语本身是否定的,就用 No。

  语法 Grammar in use

  直接引语和间接引语

  直接引语就是直接引用说话人原来所说的话;间接引语就是原话的转述。直接引语放在引号里,间接引语是把说话人的原话变成宾语从句。

  间接引语中,宾语从句中的动词与主句中的主要动词在时态上必须保持一致。一般来说,主要动词用现在时,间接引语中可用现在时(包括一般现在时、现在进行时、现在完成时)和将来时。如:

  She says she's got a headache.  她说她头痛。

  He says he's staying at a Youth Hostel.  你说他正住在一家青年招待所。

  He says he has sold his house.  他说他已卖掉了房子。

  把直接陈述改为间接引语时,谓语动词形式的变化体现在人称上。如:

  He says: ‘I hope you are all well. ’

  他说:"我希望你们都身体健康。"

  He says he hopes we/they are all well.

  他说他希望我们/他们都身体健康。

  The girl says: ‘I have finished my homework.’

  那个姑娘说:"她已完成了家庭作业。"

  The girl says that she has finished her homework.

  那个姑娘说她已完成了家庭作业。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.write v.

  (1)写,书写:

  They are learning to read and write.  他们在学习读书写字。

  She writes legibly.   她笔迹清楚。

  (2)写信:

  I'll write to you soon.  我会尽快给你写信的。

  Why didn't she write and tell him?  她为什么不写信告诉他?

  (3)写作;作曲;当作家:

  He started to write for the stage.  他开始成为一名剧作家。

  He soon finished writing a symphony.  他很快就谱写成一部交响曲。

  2.soon adv.

  (1)不久:

  It will soon be spring.  春天很快就要到了。

  Soon she would have to resign.   她不久就得辞职了。

  (2)早;快:

  Why are you leaving so soon?  你为什么这么快就要走了?

  He came sooner than we expected.   他来得比我们预料的快。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 102

  A

  1 She says she has shut the door.

  2 He says he has put on his coat.

  3 He says he has read this magazine.

  4 They say they have spoken to the boss.

  5 They say the sun has risen.

  B

  (sample sentences)

  1 He says he has got a cold.

  2 He says he feels cold.

  3 He says he will sell his house.

  4 He says he needs an X-ray.

  5 He says he must wait for a bus.

  6 He says he has got an earache.

  7 He says he feels thirsty.

  8 He says he needs a haircut.

  9 He says he feels ill.

  新概念第一册103-104 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.the rest,剩余部分。 这里指其余的题,注重rest与定冠词连用的用法。

  Throw the rest away.  把剩下的丢掉。

  2.at the top of,在……顶端。 反义词为 at the bottom of(在……末端)。

  3.next to,邻近,贴近。

  Cleanliness is next to godliness.  清洁仅次于圣洁。

  语法 Grammar in use

  too与enough

  (1)enough的用法

  A 在形容词之后使用:

  He failed the exam because it wasn't easy enough.

  他考虑不及格,因为题不够轻易。(不说 enough easy)

  B 在名词之前使用:

  He didn' t buy the car because he didn't have enough money.

  他没买那部车,因为他没有足够的钱。

  C 可以用在 enough… for sb./sth.和 enough… to do sth.结构之中:

  She hasn't got enough money for a holiday.

  她没有足够的钱去度假。

  This dress isn't big enough for her.

  这件衣服对她来说不够大。

  She's not old enough to live alone.

  她未到独自生活的年纪。

  (2)too的用法

  A too 表示“过于”:

  I can't go out. It's too hot.

  我无法外出,太热了。

  She couldn't answer the questions because they were too

  difficult for her.

  她无法回答问题,因为对她来说太难了。

  B 可以用在 too…for sb./sth.结构之中:

  This skirt is too big for me.

  这条裙子对她来说太大了。

  It's too easy for me.

  这对我来说太轻易了。

  C 可以用在 too…to do sth.结构之中:

  The exam was too difficult for him to pass.

  考试太难了,以至于他无法通过。

  The box is too heavy for you to carry.

  这个盒子太沉了,你没法扛起。

  She i too young to live alone.

  她年纪太小了,无法独自生活。

  It's too far to walk home from here.

  从这儿步行回家太远了。

  请比较:

  The wall is too high for them to climb over.

  这堵墙太高了,他们无法攀越过去。

  The wall is low enough for them to climb over.

  这堵墙矮到如此之程度,以至于他们可以攀越过去。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.fail v.

  (1)失败;及格:

  Doctors failed to save the old man's life.

  医生们未能拯救那位老人的生命。

  He failed his French paper because it was too difficult.

  他的法语考试没及格,因为试卷太难了。

  (2)(身体等)衰退;变弱;凋谢:

  My eyesight is failing.  我的视力在衰退。

  The flowers failed for lack of sunshine.  花因缺少阳光而凋谢。

  (3)(后接不定式 fail to do sth.)不,不能;忘记:

  I fail to see why you find it so extraordinary.  我不明白为什么你们认为它如此与众不同。

  He failed to persuade me.  他没能说服我。

  2.hate v.

  (1)讨厌;不喜欢;有反感:

  He hates exams!  他讨厌考试!

  I hate beef.  我不喜欢牛肉。

  (2)憎恨;憎恶:

  He said that he hated hypocrisy. 他说他憎恶虚伪。

  Tom really hates the murderer in that film.  汤姆十分仇视那部电影中的杀人凶手。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 104

  A

  1 I couldn' t speak to the boss. He was too busy.

  2 I couldn't go out. It was too cold for me to go out.

  3 I could answer all the questions. They were very easy.

  4 Is that suitcase light enough for you to carry?

  5 Is your brother old enough to be a member of our association?

  6 They couldn' t see that film. They were too young.

  B

  1 Yes, he could. It was cheap enough for him to buy.

  2 No, he couldn't. It was too expensive for him to buy.

  3 Yes, they could. They were fresh enough for them to eat.

  4 No, they couldn't. They were too stale for them to eat.

  5 Yes, they could. It was loud enough for them to hear.

  6 No, they couldn' t. It was too low for them to hear.

  7 Yes, he could. It was low enough for him to climb.

  8 No, he couldn't. It was too high for him to climb.

  9 Yes, she could. It was soft enough for her to eat.

  10 No, she couldn't. It was too hard for her to eat.

  11 Yes, she could. It was sweet enough for her to eat.

  12 No, she couldn't. It was too sour for her to eat.

  新概念第一册105-106 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.How do you spell…?……怎样拼写?

  这是询问某个单词或某人的姓名如何拼写时常用的句型。

  2.You've typed it with only one‘L’.但你只打了 1个“L”。

  句中it指intelligent一词。这里的with意即“用”。

  3.And here's a little present for you.这里有一件小礼物送你。

  这是一个倒装句。由here引导、谓语为be的句子通常用倒装语序。这里and是表示承上启下,使上下文紧密联系,当“于是”、“因此”讲。

  语法 Grammar in use

  动词不定式:

  在英语中,当一个动词被另一个动词紧跟时,它们之间必须加不定式符号(to)。不定式符号后面的动词只能是原形,而不能是过去式或分词形式。

  (1)不定式作动词的宾语(动词+to…):

  He wants to buy a car.  他想买辆车。

  He hopes to pass the French exam.  他希望自己能通过法语考试。

  I want to leave. 我想离开。

  (2)有许多动词可以带名词/代词宾语(通常是人称代词宾格),后面再跟不定式(动词+名词/宾格代词+to…):

  I want you to carry it.   我想让你扛着它。

  He wants them to listen to it.   他想让他们听那个。

  Tell him to move it.  让他搬它。

  (3)不定式的否定形式是在 to 之前加 not:

  He decided not to buy the house. 他决定不买这幢房子。

  He told me not to close the window.  他让我不要把窗户关了。

  Tell him not to move it. 告诉他不要搬动它。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.correct v.

  (1)改正;纠正:

  Please correct me if I'm wrong.

  假如我错了,请你纠正。

  I spent the whole morning correcting exam papers.

  我花了整个上午的时间批改试卷。

  (2)校正;矫正:

  This pair of glasses will correct your eyesight problem.

  这副眼镜会有助于矫正你的视力问题。

  Oh, let me correct my watch first.

  噢,先让我把我的手表对好。

  2.break v.

  (1)打破;使碎裂:

  She told him not to break the vase.

  她告诉他别把花瓶打坏了。

  He broke a leg in the accident.

  他在这起事故中摔断了一条腿。

  (2)损坏;弄坏:

  His little daughter has broken his favourite camera.

  他的小女儿把他心爱的照相机弄坏了。

  You shouldn't have bought such expensive toys for him because he will simply break them.

  你不应该买这么昂贵的玩具给他,因为他会轻而易举地把它们弄坏的。

  (3)破坏;违反:

  Any one who breaks the law should be punished.

  任何触犯法律的人都应受到惩罚。

  The student who broke the school regulations was severely criticized.

  那位违反了校规的学生受到了严厉的批评。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 106

  A

  1 I want you to spell it.

  2 I want you to telephone him.

  3 I want you to wear it.

  4 I want you to ask her.

  5 I want you to tell them.

  6 I want you to help us.

  B

  1 What do you want me to do? I want you to carry it.

  2 What do you want me to do? I want you to correct it.

  3 What do you want me to do? I want you to listen to it.

  4 What do you want me to do? I want you to describe it.

  5 What do you want me to do? I want you to move it.

  6 What do you want me to do? I want you to try it.

  7 What do you want me to do? I want you to finish it.

  8 What do you want me to do? I want you to keep it.

  C

  1 She is telling him not to hurt himself. She doesn't want him to hurt himself.

  2 She is telling him not to slip. She doesn't want him to slip.

  3 She is telling him not to fall. She doesn' t want him to fall.

  4 She is telling them not to miss it. She doesn't want them to miss it.

  5 She is telling him not to break it. She doesn' t want him to break it.

  6 He is telling her not to drive it. He doesn't want her to drive it.

  D

  1 Because she doesn't want him to hurt himself.

  2 Because she doesn't want him to slip.

  3 Because she doesn't want him to fall.

  4 Because she doesn't want them to miss it.

  5 Because she doesn't want him to break it.

  6 Because he doesn't want her to drive it.

  新概念第一册107-108 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.be in fashion,时髦,流行。

  2.Would you like…?你愿意……吗? 这个句型常用于表示委婉的请求或提议:

  Would you like to go with us?  你乐意与我们一起去吗?

  3.as well,同时,也。通常用于句末。如:

  He knows Spanish as well.  他还懂西班牙语。

  too与 as well一般不用于否定句,否定句中用 either。

  4.Could you…?您能……吗? 用于表示请求,比 Can you…?更加婉转客气:

  Could you tell me the way to the post office?  您能告诉我去邮局怎么走吗?

  5.like that one,像那件那样的。

  是介词短语,作定语,修饰dress。

  语法 Grammar in use

  形容词的比较级和最高级

  (1)构成

  A 大多数单音节形容词的比较级和最高级的构成是在其原级后面加上-er和-est:

  small----smaller----smallest    new----newer----newest

  B 许多单音节形容词只有一个元音字母,其末尾为一辅音字母。在比较级和最高级形式中,这个辅音字母要双写:

  big----bigger----biggest    thin----thinner----thinnest

  C 许多单音节形容词以-e结尾,如 nice。这些形容词只需在原级形式后加-r和-st:

  large----larger----largest    nice----nicer----nicest

  D 有些形容词以-y结尾,而在-y前是一个辅音字母。这些形容词一般有两个音节。变为比较级和最高级时,-y要变成-i,末尾再加-er和-est:

  easy----easier----easiest    heavy----heavier----heaviest

  E 但有少数形容词的比较级和最高级是不规则的,必须熟记,如:

  good----better----best    bad----worse----worst

  F 大多数较长的形容词(即有两个以上音节的词)可与more连用构成其比较级形式,与most连用构成其最高级形式。

  (2)用法

  比较级只用于两者之间,通常与than连用。形容词比较级之所指假如很清楚,它也可独立存在:

  This coat is longer.  这件外衣较长。

  最高级用于3者或3者以上。形容词的最高级在使用时必须加定冠词,并常伴有一个表示范围的介词短语或从句:

  That girl is the tallest student in our class.  那位姑娘是班上个子最高的学生。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.compare v.

  比较,对照:

  The article compares the different features of imported cars on the market.

  这篇文章比较了市场上进口汽车的不同特点。

  Compared to our little garden, his garden seemed like a park.

  与我们的花园相比,他的花园就像是一个公园。

  2.suit v.

  (1)适合;适宜于:

  Finding a place that suits us all is very difficult.

  找到一个适合于我们所有人的地方是很困难的。

  ‘One o'clock? That does not suit me.’

  “1点钟?那个时间对我来说不合适。”

  (2)相当,相当:

  He would not be suited to the job. 他不适合干那份工作。

  Blue suits her.  蓝色与她相配。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 108

  A

  1 It is cool today, but it was cooler yesterday.

  2 It is wet today, but it was wetter yesterday.

  3 He's late again today, but he was later yesterday.

  4 This test is easy, but that one is easier.

  5 This bookcase is large, but that one is larger.

  B

  1 I am older than you are.

  I am the oldest in the class.

  2 I am taller than you are.

  I am the tallest in the class.

  3 I am lazier than you are.

  I am the laziest in the class.

  4 I am heavier than you are.

  I am the heaviest in the class.

  5 I am luckier than you are.

  I am the luckiest in the class.

  6 I am fatter than you are.

  I am the fattest in the class.

  7 I am thinner than you are.

  I am the thinnest in the class.

  8 I am bigger than you are.

  I am the biggest in the class.

  C

  1 But that street is cleaner.

  It is the cleanest street I have ever seen.

  2 But that man is older.

  He is the oldest man I have ever seen.

  3 But that river is longer.

  It is the longest river I have ever seen.

  4 But that woman is shorter.

  She is the shortest woman I have ever seen.

  5 But that knife is blunter.

  It is the bluntest knife I have ever seen.

  6 But that car is cheaper.

  It is the cheapest car I have ever seen.

  新概念第一册109-110 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.Just a little, please.请稍加一点儿。

  a little (=some),一些/一点,用于修饰不可数名词。又如:

  a little money/ water/coffee

  一点儿钱/水/咖啡

  a few (=some,severa1) 则用于可数名词。

  2.One and a half teaspoonfuls, please.请放一勺儿半。

  在英语中,比1大的东西,即使比2小,也需用复数表示。

  3.It doesn't matter.没关系。这是表示此意的几种常用说法之一。

  4.省略

  more than you have中 have后省略了 got。下文中的 less than you have和fewer than you have同此。more than表示“比……多”; less than表示“比……少”; fewer than表示“比……少”(用于可数名词)。

  I've got the most中 most后省略了 chocolate。形容词的最高级之后的名词在意思清楚的时候可省略。下文中的 the least同此。 the fewest后省略了 mistakes。

  5.I've ever seen,我所见过的。

  定语从句,分别修饰 the best,the worst。

  语法 Grammar in use

  1.不规则形容词的比较级和最高级

  不规则形容词的比较级和最高级例举如下:

  good----better----best     bad----worse----worst      many/much----more----most

  little----less----least    far----farther----farthest ( 表距离)     far----further----furthest (表程度)

  2.名词的数与修饰词

  可数名词的多与少,用many与few来表达;不可数名词的多与少,则用much与little来表达

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.smoke v.

  (1)抽(纸烟、烟斗等):

  He smokes cigars. 他抽雪茄。

  Eat more and smoke less! 多吃点,少抽点!

  (2)冒烟;冒雾气:

  She could see a chimney smoking in the nearby village.

  她可以看到四周村子里的烟囱在冒烟。

  Is the fireplace smoking?

  壁炉在冒烟吗?

  (3)熏制(鱼肉等):

  Do you know how to smoke hams?

  你知道如何熏制火腿吗?

  2.instead adv.

  (1)作为替代:

  I'm tired and can't attend the meeting; you could go instead.

  我累了,不能去开会了,你可以代替我去。

  She did not want to go to the university. Instead, she decided to become a singer.

  她不想上大学,而是决定成为一名歌手。

  (2)代替,而不是(of):

  She wanted to have milk instead of juice.

  她想要牛奶,而不是果汁。

  She prefers buying books instead of borrowing them from the library.

  她宁可买书而不愿到图书馆去借。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 110

  A

  1 I haven't got any pens. I haven't got many either.

  2 I've got some money. I've got less than you have.

  3 I haven't got any money. I haven't got much either.

  4 I've got some books. I've got fewer than you have.

  B

  1 I haven't got much jam. I've got very little.

  2 I haven't got many potatoes. I've got very few.

  3 I haven't got many oranges. I've got very few.

  4 I haven't got many vegetables. I've got very few.

  5 I haven't got much meat. I've got very little.

  6 I haven't got much money. I've got very little.

  C

  1 I've got more soap than you have.

  2 I've got more fruit than you have.

  3 I've got more books than you have.

  4 I've got more presents than you have.

  5 I've got more eggs than you have.

  6 I've got more stationery than you have.

  D

  1 I've got less jam than you have. I've got the least.

  2 I've got fewer potatoes than you have. I've got the fewest.

  3 I've got fewer vegetables than you have. I've got the fewest.

  4 I've got fewer oranges than you have. I've got the fewest.

  5 I've got less meat than you have. I've got the least.

  6 I've got less money than you have. I've got the least.

  新概念第一册111-112 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.buy on instalments,以分期付款的方式购买。

  I have bought this house on instalments.

  我用分期付款的方式买了这所房子。

  2.…and then fourteen pounds a month for three years.……然后每月14镑,3年付清。

  then和fourteen之间省略了pay。

  语法 Grammar in use

  形容词的平级比较级:as…as

  形容词的比较形式有3种:较高比较级(more expensive, the most expensive);较低比较级(less expensive, the least expensive) ;平级比较级 (as expensive as)。

  请看下面句中as…as的用法:

  The green apple is as sweet as the red one.

  这个绿苹果同那个红苹果一样甜。

  The policeman is as tall as the policewoman.

  这个男警察与那个女警察个子一样高。

  The white knife is as sharp as the black one.

  这把白色的小刀与那把黑色的小刀一样锋利。

  I don't know as many people as you do.

  我熟悉的人没有你熟悉的多。

  Robert is not as old as he looks.

  罗伯特没有他看上去那么高。

  The blue car is not as clean as the red car.

  蓝车没有红车干净。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.afford v.

  (1)买得起;付得起(钱):

  She can't afford a new coat.

  她买不起一件新大衣。

  We are not rich enough to afford a car.

  我们并不太富有,不能购置汽车。

  (2)担负得起(时间等):

  I feel I can' t afford any more time on this project.

  我觉得我不能再在这个项目上花更多的时间。

  We can't afford such enormous fees.

  我们无法负担如此巨额的费用。

  2.deposit

  (1)n.预付定金;押金;保证金:

  He put down a deposit on the house yesterday.

  昨天他付了房子的定金。

  You'll have to pay a deposit of $ 60 to reserve the room

  要预定这个房间,你需交付60美金的押金。

  (2)v.存放;存储:

  We were advised to deposit our valuables in the bank safe

  别人建议我们将自己的珍贵物品存放在银行的保险箱里。

  (3)付(保证金);预付(定金):

  I deposited $ 1,500 on a new car.

  我付了1,500美金作为购新车的定金。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 112

  A

  1 This book is cheap, but that one is cheaper.

  2 This book is expensive, but that one is more expensive.

  3 This question is easy, but that one is easier.

  4 This question is difficult, but that one is more difficult.

  B

  1 Is the policeman as tall as the policewoman?

  No, he isn't. The policeman isn't as tall as the policewoman.

  2 Is the man as short as the woman?

  No, he isn't. The man isn't as short as the woman.

  3 Is the boy as old as the girl?

  No, he isn't. The boy isn't as old as the girl.

  4 Is the red pencil as blunt as the green pencil?

  No, it isn' t. The red pencil isn't as blunt as the green pencil.

  5 Is the blue car as clean as the red car?

  No, it isn't. The blue car isn't as clean as the red car.

  6 Is the woman as fat as the man?

  No, she isn't. The woman isn't as fat as the man.

  C

  1 No, it isn't . It is more expensive.

  It's the most expensive radio I've ever seen.

  2 No, he isn't. He is more intelligent.

  He's the most intelligent person I've ever met.

  3 No, it isn't. It is more interesting.

  It's the most interesting book I've ever read.

  4 No, it isn't. It is less difficult.

  It's the least difficult test I've ever done.

  新概念第一册113-114 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.I can't change a ten-pound note. 我找不开 10英镑的钞票。

  这里 change是动词,意为“兑换”。change还可作名词,意为“零钱”,如课文中的 I've got no small change, I'm afraid。此外,no +名词表示所指的东西全然没有。以上这句话比 I haven't got any small change更强调没有任何一点儿零钱。

  2.I've got none.我没有。这里指零钱(不可数名词)。none也可与可数名词连用

  None of our passengers can change this note.

  我们的乘客中没有一个能破开这张钞票的。

  none在句中通常单独使用

  3.Except us.我们俩除外。 意思是:除了我们,他们都是百万富翁。

  语法 Grammar in use

  so与neither引导的简短回答

  以so 或 neither开头的简短回答,必须用倒装形式,即: So/Neither +助动词+主语。假如前一句是肯定的,后一句就用so开头;如前一句是否定的,后一句则用neither/nor开头。前后两句的时态要一致。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.change v.

  (1)兑换:

  I want to change the pounds into dollars.

  我想把这些英镑兑换成美元。

  Could you change me a one-pound note, please?

  能否请你换一镑的零钱给我?

  (2)改变;更改:

  He changed his mind at last.

  他最终改变了自己的主意。

  This plan is to change the desert into farmland.

  这个计划是要将沙漠变为农田。

  (3)交换;改换:

  Shall we change our seats?

  我们调换一下座位好吗?

  You've got to change your bus at the next stop.

  你得在下一站换车。

  2.except prep.

  除……外:

  Everyone except Jane went to the party.

  除简之外的所有人都去参加那个派对了。

  They're open every day except Sunday.

  除星期天之外,他们天天都开门。

  I like him except when he's gloomy.

  除了他满脸阴沉的时候之外,我挺喜欢他。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 114

  A

  1 There are no books on that shelf.

  2 I have got no money.

  3 There is no coffee in this tin.

  4 I saw no cars in the street.

  B

  1 No, I haven't got any milk.

  I've got no milk. I've got none.

  2 No, I haven't got any envelopes.

  I've got no envelopes. I've got none.

  3 No, I haven't got any magazines.

  I've got no magazines. I've got none.

  4 No, I haven't got any bread.

  I've got no bread. I've got none.

  C

  1 Neither am I. I'm not hungry, either.

  2 Neither did I. I didn't meet him, either.

  3 Neither was I. I wasn't at church yesterday, either.

  4 Neither do I. I don't like ice cream, either.

  5 Neither can I. I can't swim, either.

  6 Neither am I. I'm not a doctor, either.

  D

  1 So am I. I' m hungry, too.

  2 So did I. I met him, too.

  3 So was I. I was at church yesterday, too.

  4 So do I. like ice cream, too.

  5 So can I. I can swim, too.

  6 So am I. I'm a doctor, too.

  新概念第一册115-116 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1. Isn't there anyone at home?  家里没人吗?

  anyone用于否定句及疑问句中。

  试比较:There is someone at home.

  2. Carol and Tom invited us to lunch. 卡罗尔和汤姆请我们来吃午饭。

  句中的to是介词,后面跟名词lunch。

  这句话还可以用动词不定式表示;Carol and Tom invited us to have lunch.

  3. It's nice and warm out here.  外面挺暖和。

  这里的 nice and 相当于 very, 用于形容词及副词之前,表示肯定或加强语调的意思。例如:

  It's nice and warm sitting by the fire. 坐在火边温暖舒适。

  I didn't like the speech, but at least it was nice and short. 我不喜欢这次演讲,不过那倒是挺简短。

  4.  Come and have something to drink. 来喝点什么吧。

  and 与动词原形连用,引出另外一个动作。例如:

  Come and have tea with me. 来跟我一起喝杯茶吧。

  You'll go and see her. 你去看看她。

  5. There's none left.  一点都不剩了。

  left 是 leave 的过去分词,修饰 none,表示“剩下的”,“没用完的”。

  There's enough bread left,we don't have to buy more. 还有足够的面包,我们不必再买了。

  语法 Grammar in use

  不定代词

  (1)every(每一),no(无),any(若干)及some(一些)可与one,thing构成复合代词,与where构成复合副词。不定代词可作主语、宾语和表语。

  A作主语:

  这些代词作主语时都作单数看待,因此使用单数谓语动词。

  Everyone is asleep.  大家都睡了。

  Everything is untidy. 一切都乱糟糟的。

  Nobody has told me about it.  没有人告诉过我有关这件事的情况。

  B作宾语:

  I've got nothing to wear.  我没有穿的衣服了。

  I've heard nothing. 我没听到什么动静。

  I saw no one. 我谁也没有看到。

  C作主语或表语:

  There's nothing on the shelf. 架子上什么也没有。

  There's somebody in the garden. 花园里有个人。

  That's nothing. 那没什么。

  (2)与some与any的用法一样,somebody/someone/ something/ somewhere一般用于肯定句; anybody/anyone/anything/ anywhere用于疑问句与否定句;nothing/nobody/no one/ nowhere相当于 not anything/anybody/anyone/anywhere:

  Someone is asking to see you.

  有人要求见你。

  There's something under that chair!

  那个椅子下有个什么东西!

  I don't know anyone here.

  这儿我谁也不熟悉。

  Is there anything on this shelf?

  这个架子上有什么东西吗?

  I went nowhere.(=I didn't go anywhere.)

  我哪儿也没去。

  I saw no one.(=I didn't see anyone.)

  我谁也没看到。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.invite v.

  (1)邀请:

  We're inviting our colleagues to the party.

  我们将邀请我们的同事参加这个聚会。

  I hate people who invite themselves.

  我讨厌不请自来的客人。

  (2)请求;要求:

  We invite readers' letters for this magazine.

  本杂志欢迎读者来信。

  The speaker paused, seeming to invite questions from the audience.

  演讲者稍停了一下,似乎在期待听众们提出问题。

  2.joke

  (1)v.开玩笑:

  She's only joking with you.

  她只是在跟你开玩笑。

  (2)v.取笑:

  Aren't you joking me?

  你不是在取笑我吧?

  (3)n.玩笑;笑话:

  The whole thing was a complete joke.

  整件事完全是个笑话。

  Don't get angry----it was only a joke!

  别生气--那只是一个玩笑而已

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 116

  A

  1 I did nothing.

  2 I saw no one.

  3 I went nowhere.

  4 I met nobody.

  B

  1 No, I didn't hear anything. I heard nothing.

  2 No, I didn' t speak to anyone. I spoke to nobody.

  3 No,I didn't go anywhere. I went nowhere.

  4 No, I didn't buy anything. I bought nothing.

  5 No,I didn't write to anybody. I wrote to nobody.

  6 No, I didn't meet anyone. I met no one.

  C

  1 Everyone's looking out of the window.

  2 Everyone's hurrying to work.

  3 Everyone's eating.

  4 Everyone's drinking lemonade.

  D

  1 No, I haven't got anything to eat. I've got nothing to eat.

  He's got something to eat.

  2 No, I haven't got anything to do. I've got nothing to do.

  They've got something to do.

  3 No, I haven't got anything to drink. I've got nothing to drink.

  She's got something to drink.

  4 No, I haven't got anything to read. I've got nothing to read.

  He's got something to read.

  新概念第一册117-118 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.look for,寻找(强调动作过程);find,找到(强调寻找的结果)。

  I looked for the dog everywhere, and found it in the garden at last. 我到处找那只豿,最后在花园里找到了它。

  We have to look for a parking space.  我们必须找一个停车空地。

  If we hope to find love, we must first find time for loving.

  如果我们希望找到爱情,我们就必须首先找到时间来爱。

  2.  them all

  all 用来强调每一个硬币。从语法上讲,all 是 them 的同位语,也可以说成 all of them 。

  3.Tommy had already swallowed them! 汤米已经把硬币咽了下去!

  句中用了过去完成时形式 had swallowed。过去完成时用来表示过去两个动作中发生在前的那个动作。显然,句中咽下硬币的动作发生在夫妇俩能够把硬币从汤米手中抢过来之前。

  4.later that morning,那天上午的晚些时候。

  later是副词late的比较级。

  5.any change

  change是个多义词,既有“零钱”的意思,也有“变化”的意思。此处既可指“硬币”;也可指“情况的变化”。这是双关(pun)修辞法。

  I wish to change some pocket money. 我希望换些零钱。

  A leopard cannot change its spots. 积习难改。

  语法 Grammar in use

  过去进行时

  构成: be的过去式+现在分词。

  过去进行时表示过去某时正在进行的情况或动作。过去进行时和一般过去时经常在同一个句子里使用。过去进行时表示过去正在进行的情况或动作,一般过去时则表示比较短暂的动作或事件。过去进行时的时间状语从句一般由when,while及(just)as等来引导,说明主句中动作发生时的背景。此外,可用 while或 at the time等强调同时进行的两种或几种动作。请看例句:

  When I was doing the housework, my husband telephoned me from the office.

  当我正在干家务时,我丈夫从办公室打电话给我。

  While I was listening to the stereo, my mother came into the room.

  我正在听立体声节目时,我母亲进房间了。

  Just as she was cleaning her shoes, George knocked at the door.

  她正在擦鞋时,乔治敲门了。

  While I was cooking the dinner ,he was working in the garden.

  我做饭时,他正在花园里劳作。

  词汇学习 Word study

  1.swallow v.

  (1)吞下,咽下:

  Tommy had swallowed the coins.

  汤米把硬币吞下去了。

  (2)抑制,使不流露:

  I tried hard to swallow my doubts.

  我强忍着不露出怀疑的神色。

  She swallowed a smile and sat there still.

  她忍住没笑,静静地坐在那里。

  (3)吞并;侵吞:

  Our company was swallowed up by an American company last year.

  我们公司去年被一家美国公司吞并了。

  Nazi Germany nearly swallowed up the whole Europe in World War Ⅱ.

  第二次世界大战中,纳粹德国几乎吞并了整个欧洲。

  2.ring v.

  (1)鸣响;发出清脆的响声:

  When I was opening the front door, the telephone rang.

  我正开前门时,电话铃响了。

  Yesterday morning, my alarm clock didn't ring at 7 o'clock as usual.

  昨天早上,我的闹钟没像往常那样在7点钟闹。

  (2)打电话;按铃:

  You said you were going to ring me last night, but you didn't.

  你说过你昨晚会给我打电话的,然而你并没有打。

  Somebody is ringing the doorbell.

  有人在按门铃。

  练习答案 Key to written exercises

  Lesson 118

  A

  1 He knocked at the door when I was answering the phone.

  2 He came downstairs when I was having breakfast.

  3 The phone rang when I was washing the dishes.

  4 The boss arrived when she was typing a letter.

  5 The train left when I was buying the tickets.

  6 It rained heavily when I was driving to London.

  B

  1 When he arrived I was cooking a meal.

  2 When he arrived I was washing the dishes.

  3 When he arrived I was working in the garden.

  4 When he arrived I was typing letters.

  5 When he arrived I was shaving.

  6 When he arrived I was boiling the milk.

  7 When he arrived I was phoning my sister.

  8 When he arrived I was dusting the bedroom.

  C

  1 While I was cooking the dinner, he was having a wash.

  2 While I was cooking the dinner ,he was watching television.

  3 While I was cooking the dinner, he was cleaning his shoes.

  4 While I was cooking the dinner, he was listening to the radio.

  5 While I was cooking the dinner, he was changing his suit.

  6 While I was cooking the dinner, he was sitting in the dining room.

  7 While I was cooking the dinner, he was reading the paper.

  8 While I was cooking the dinner, he was driving home from work.

  新概念第一册119-120 课文详解及练习答案

  课文详注 Further notes on the text

  1.... happen to sb. ,  (某事) 发生在某人的身上.

  What happened to you yesterday?  你昨天出什么事了?

  2.a friend of mine,我的朋友之一。

  相当于one of my friends,但前者比后者显得更为亲切。

  3.After they had entered the house, they went into the dining room. 他们进到屋里后,走进了饭厅。

  After they had entered the house 是时间状语从句,had entered 是过去完成时结构。在以after引导的时间状语从句中,用一般过去时或过去完成时没有多少差别。假如强调从句的谓语动作在主句的谓语动作之前完成,就用过去完成时。

  4.turn on, 打开,拧开(电视、水源、煤气等)。

  其反义词为 turn off(关上)。

  5.  as quickly as they could      是状语,修饰 run away 。

  第一个as是副词,修饰quickly,第二个as是连词,引导比较状语从句。could 后省略了run,意思是“能跑多快就跑多快”。例如:

  He worked as hard as he could. 他工作十分努力。(能多努力就多努力)

  语法 Grammar in use

  过去完成时

  构成: had +过去分词。

  过去完成时主要用于表示两个事件中一个发生在前,或者说是表示较早的过去。常与现在完成时连用的副词,如 already(已经), ever(曾经),for +表示时间段的词,just(刚刚)和never(从未)也常与过去完成时连用,以强调事件发生的先后次序。有时我们不一定非得用过去完成时表示先发生的事件,因为意思十分清楚,如:

  After I finished ,I went home.

  我做完后就回家了。

  请看例句:

  She went on holiday after she had taken the exam.

  她考试后度假去了。

  I ran to the platform quickly, but the train had already left.

  我赶紧跑到站台上,但是火车已经开走了。

  We had had dinner before they arrived.

  他们到达之前我们就已吃饭了。

  The patient had died when the doctor arrived.

  大夫到达时病人已经死了。

 

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