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初三英语知识点 初三英语上册知识点:语法时态

  语法:直接引语变间接引语。

  直接引用别人的话叫直接引语,用来转述别人的话叫间接引语。例:

  He said, "He will go to Beijing tomorrow." (直接引语)

  He said that he would go to Beijing the next day.

  直接引语变间接引语时时态、人称及一些时间或个别词都要做相应的改变。

  ①时态:

  一般现在时→一般过去时   一般将来时→过去将来时

  现在进行时→过去进行时   一般过去时→过去完成时

  现在完成时→过去完成时

  * 但真理性的句子时态不变。例:

  He said: "The sun rises in the east."

  He said that the sun rises in the east.

  他说太阳从东方升起。

  ②时间:

  now→then, last month→the month before.

  today→ that day, three days ago→three days before.

  tonight→that night, tomorrow→the next day.

  yesterday→the day before, the day after tomorrow→in two days.

  ③其它变化:

  this→that   these→those   here→there

  come→go

  句式的改变:

  ①直接引语是陈述句加"that"可以省去。例:

  He said, "My sister was here three days ago."→

  He said that his sister had been there three days before.

  ②直接引语是一般疑问句,变成用if/whether引导的宾语从句,人称时态等作相应改变。

  Mother asked me, "Did you buy any meat for lunch?"→

  Mother asked me if/whether I had bought some meat for lunch.

  ③直接引语是特殊问句,变成由原来疑问词一样的连接词引导的宾语从句,时态人称等作相应改变。例:

  "What do you do?" he asked me.

  He asked me what I did.

  ④直接引语是选择问句变成由whether或if引导的宾语从句。

  "Do you like English or Chinese?" He asked me.

  He asked me whether I liked English or Chinese.

注:原文章转载于 ,如有问题请联系我们,邮箱songchunlin@changingedu.com

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