I. Vocabulary and Structure
Now many major employers are beginning to demand _____ the completion of school.
A. more than B. rather than C. other than D. better than
Her powers of persuasion were to no _____ .
A. advantage B. avail C. vain D. use
If you _____ in ignoring my instructions, I shall have to punish you.
A. insist B. consist C. persist D. assist
It has taken him a long time to _______ the fact that he won’t be able to go to college.
A. come to terms with B. in terms of
C. in light of D. used to
There are always those who would substitute fantasy lives ______ the rewards of real activity.
A. of B. with C. from D. for
_____ we understand what Jet Lag is, we can go some way to overcoming it.
A. In that B. That C. Now that D. Unless
_____ from the point of view of society is necessary labor is from his own point of view voluntary play.
A. What B. That C. Which D. Although
The programme was televised _____ to the whole world.
A. lively B. alive C. live D. life
It is not how much time you allocate for study that ______ but how much you learn when you do study.
A. accounts B. counts C. amounts D. court
The degree _______ and the ways _______ a school encourages participation in games, sports and cultural pursuits are likely to contribute to the student’s attitude towards leisure.
A. in which … in which B. from which …with which
C. of which … in which D. to which …in which
Advertising is different from selling. Salesmen depend 11 the person-to-person approach in trying to persuade consumers to buy. Advertising, 12 , has to reach consumers indirectly through messages on radio and television, in the newspapers, or even on handbills(传单) given to you in the street.
Once again, the purpose of advertising is to sell goods. This means that the advertiser is going to try to make you think you want something – his something – 13 you need it or not. 14 , the advertiser is creating a(n) 15 for his product. This is fine. Remember, all the goods being produced today have to be sold. And you cannot buy something if you do not know about it.
All consumers are influenced by brand names. Advertisers try to get people 16 to a brand because they know that, in later years, many of the consumers will 17 to this brand. Therefore, commercials are repeated over and over again on radio and television. We soon get to know them by 18 . Some advertisers stay with particular radio or television stars, and consumers come to 19 a product with a famous person.
You are probably wondering, at this point, whether advertising is good or bad. Actually, it may be 20 of both, but decide for yourself.
11. A. for B. at C. on D. with
12. A. but B. however C. while D. yet
13. A. how B. that C. if D. whether
14. A. In other words B. In any case
C. In addition D. In contrast
15. A. order B. demand C. command D. request
16. A. use B. to use C. used D. to used
17. A. object B. stick C. oppose D. prefer
18. A. heart B. mind C. soul D. brain
19. A. connect B. join C. combine D. associate
20. A. little B. a little C. few D. a few
III. Reading Comprehension
A normal conversation between strangers involves more than talk. It also involves the dynamics of space interaction. If one person gets too close, the other person will back up. If the first person invades the other’s space again, the other will back up again. The person who finds himself or herself backing up is trying to increase the distance of the comfort zone. The person closing in is trying to decrease that distance. Most likely neither person is fully aware of what is going on.
In the 1960s American anthropologist (人类学家) Edward T. Hall was a pioneer in the study of human behavioral use of space. His field of study became known as proxemics. Hall said that personal space for Americans can be defined as having four distinct zones: the intimate zone within 18 inches of your body for whispering and embracing; personal zone of 18 inches to four feet, for talking with close friends; social zone of four to 10 feet, for talking with acquaintances; and the social zone of 10 to 25 feet, for talking to strangers or to a group.
Historians say that our standards of personal space began with the Industrial Revolution in the 18th century. In cities such as London and New York, people of different social and economics classes were suddenly crammed (塞满，塞进) together, so they unconsciously developed a commonly understood rule of polite behavior and space to restrict the area around them.