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小学五年级英语倒装句知识点整理

小学五年级英语倒装句知识点整理,小学五年级英语有哪些好的学习方法,轻轻家教为大家搜集信息如下,希望对您有所帮助。

小学五年级英语倒装句知识点整理(一)

英语句子使用的目的,可分为四大类:陈述句、疑问句、祈使句和感叹句。这四大类型句子都有可能出现倒装句。倒装句分为全倒装和部分倒装两种类型。浅析如下:

一、疑问句中出现的倒装句

1.特殊疑问句中

(1)What is this?(全倒装)

(2)Which do you want?(部分倒装)

2.一般疑问句

(1)Do you study English every day?(部分倒装)

(2)May I come in?

(3)Are you going to be a teacher?

特殊疑问句中,如果疑问词做主语或疑问词修饰主语时,句子不用倒装,即用陈述语序。例如:Who did it yesterday? Whichguy can do this work?

一般疑问句中,常把助动词或情态动词放在句首,即位于主语前,而构成部分倒装。

二、感叹句中出现倒装句

1. What引导的感叹句

(1)What a happy life we have had!(宾语在主语前面)

(2)What a fine day it is!(表语在主语前面)

(3)What a shining example Comrade Lei Feng has set us!

2. How引导的感叹句

(1)How happy we are!(表语在前面)

(2)How hard they are working!(状语在前面)

(3)How nice a day it is!

3.副词引导词引导的感叹句

(1)There comes the bus!

(2)In come the students!

(3)Off goes the worker!

What或how引导的句子,主谓也有不倒装的。

What所强调的重点是名词,这一名词一般是表语或宾语,有时所强调的名词可能是主语。例如:What enormous crowd came!(《当代英语语法》中册P87)。What也可单独使用。例句:What she suffered in the old days!(《英语分类句型》P90)

How修饰形容词、副词或动词。有时how many的搭配也可修饰名词。For how many years have I waited!该短语作状语。(《当代英语语法》)

副词引导词位于句首,一方面为了强调,另一方面使情景生动。主语是名词时,主谓倒装;如果主语是人称代词,主谓不倒装。例如:Away he went to the station!

三、祈使句中出现的倒装

1. Long live the king!(《最新实用英汉辞典》P769)

2.Long live the People’s Republic of China!

3.May you succeed!祝你成功!

Long may he live!愿他长命百岁!(《英华大辞典》P780)

4.Don’t you open the door. Don’t anyone open the door.(《当代英语语法》中册P85)

祈使句一般无主语,有时也有主语出现。祈使句的主语要重读,代词也要重读(陈述句的主语一般不重读)。祈使句常用句号。表示一种强烈感情时,句子用感叹号。

四、陈述句中出现的几种倒装句

1.主谓倒装

(1)Long long ago, there was a war between the birds and the beasts.

(2)Once upon a time there were six blind men in India.

(3)“Come along, then.” said the bird.

(4)...but toward the end there came the terrible storm...

2.表语倒装

(1)Such was Albert Einstein,a simple man of great achievements.(全倒装句)

(2)Inside the pyramids are the rooms for the bodies of kings and queens.

(3)A very reliable person he is.(主语是人称代词时,主谓不倒装)(《英语分类句型》P400)

3.宾语倒装

(1)Many happy hours she had spent planning for something nice for him.

(2)Twenty-one dollars they took for it.

(3)Not a single mistake did he make.

(4)Only a dictionary he never forgets to bring here.

宾语在前时,多数属于强调部分,句子一般不加助动词,偶尔也有助动词出现,如例句(3)。

五、复合句中的倒装

(1)I take back what I said.

(2)...and the ship would have sunk with all board had it not been for the captain.(要是没有那位船长,就会连船带人都沉没了。)

(3)Were I you,I would go with him.

(4)Proud as these nobles are,he is afraid to see me.

(5)Not only was everything that he had taken away from him,but also his German citizenship.

(6)Hardly (Scarcely)had he sat down when the telephone rang.

(7)The harder you work, the greater will be your achievement.

六、其他倒装

陈述句中为了保持句子平衡或为了强调表语、宾语、状语等成分,或使上下文紧密衔接时,使用倒装句。

(1)On the wall is a blackboard on which were written some words,“It is no use sitting here without listening to me.”(定语从句中,主语的同位语太长)

(2)They entered the classroom,in front of which sat a naughty boy.(使上下文紧密衔接)

(3)Gone forever are the days when the Chinese people were looked down upon by the foreigners.(主语加上定语后太长而表语短,所以表语在前面,强调句子平衡)

小学五年级英语倒装句知识点整理(二)

倒装有两种:

将主语和谓语完全颠倒过来,叫做完全倒装(Complete Inversion)。如:In came a man with a white beard.

只将助动词(包括情态动词)移至主语之前,叫做部分倒装(Partial Inversion)。如:Only once was John late to class.

英语句子的倒装一是由于语法结构的需要而进行的倒装,二是由于修辞的需要而进行的倒装。前一种情况,倒装是必须的,否则就会出现语法错误;后一种情况,倒装是选择性的,倒装与否只会产生表达效果上的差异。下面本文就拟从其修辞功能谈谈倒装句的用法。

一、 表示强调:

倒装句最突出、最常见的修辞效果就是强调,其表现形式如下:

1. only +状语或状语从句置于句首,句子用部分倒装。

eg.Only in this way can you solve this problem. 只有用这种方法,你才可以解决这个问题。

eg.Only after he had spoken out the word did he realize he had made a big mistake.只有当他已经说出那个字后才意识到自己犯了个大错误。

2. not, little, hardly, scarcely, no more, no longer, in no way, never, seldom, not only, no sooner等具有否定意义的词或词组位于句首,句子用部分倒装。

eg.No sooner had I got home than it beg.an to rain. 我刚到家就下起了雨。

eg.Seldom do I go to work by bus. 我很少乘公共汽车上班。

3. so / such...that结构中的so或such位于句首可以构成部分倒装句,表示强调so /such和that之间的部分。

eg.So unreasonable was his price that everybody startled. 他的要价太离谱,令每个人都瞠目结舌。

eg.To such length did she go in rehearsal that the two actors walked out. 她的彩排进行得那么长,以致于那两个演员都走出去了。

以上各例子都用倒装语序突出了句首成分,其语气较自然语序强烈,因而具有极佳的修辞效果。

二、 承上启下

有时倒装可把前一句说到的人或物,或与前一句有联系的人或物在下一句紧接着先说出来,从而使前后两句在意思上的关系更加清楚,衔接更加紧密,起到承上启下的作用。

eg.They broke into her uncle's bedroom and found the man lying on the floor, dead. Around his head was a brown snake. 他们破门进入她叔叔的卧室,发现他躺在地板上死了。一条棕褐色的蛇缠在他头上。

eg.We really should not resent being called paupers. Paupers we are, and paupers we shall remain. 我们确实不应因为被称作穷光蛋而愤愤不平。我们的确是穷光蛋,而且还会继续是穷光蛋。

三、 制造悬念,渲染气氛

在新闻或文学创作中,有时为了内容的需要,或是为了强调,作者常常运用倒装来制造悬念,渲染气氛。如:

Hanging on the wall was a splendid painting. 墙上挂着一幅精美的图画。

再如朗费罗(Longfellow)《雪花》中的一节:

Out of the bosom of the Air,

Out of the cloud-folds of her garments shaken,

Over the woodlands brown and bare,

Over the harvest-fields forsaken,

Silent, and soft, and slow,

Descends the snow.

在这一节诗里 ,诗人就富有创意地运用了倒装。在前五行中 ,诗人堆砌了七个状语,状语连续出现而主语和谓语却迟迟未露 ,造成一种悬念效应。全节读罢 ,读者才对诗歌的主题恍然大悟 ,因而收到了不同凡响的艺术效果。

四、 平衡结构

英语修辞的一个重要原则是尾重原则,即把句子最复杂的成分放在句尾以保持句子平衡。在语言使用中为了避免产生头重脚轻、结构不平衡的句子,我们常采用倒装语序。

1. 以作状语的介词短语开头:当主语较长或主语所带修饰语较长时,为了使句子平衡,常将状语置于句首,句子用完全倒装语序。

eg.To the coal mine came a com-pany of PLA soldiers with orders from the headquarters to rescue the trapped miners.

eg.A company of PLA soldiers came to the coal mine with orders from the headquarters to rescue the trapped miners.

一个连队的解放军战士来到了那座煤矿,奉司令部之命解救受困的矿工。

eg.On the ground lay some air conditioners, which are to be shipped to some other cities.

eg.Some air conditioners lay on the ground, which are to be shipped to some other cities.

地上放着一些空调,等着用船运到其他城市去。

从例句中可看出, 采用倒装语序的A句结构平衡稳妥 ,读起来自然流畅,而采用自然语序的B句结构零乱, 读起来也别扭。因而,在主语较长时就应采用倒装语序以取得理想的表达效果。

2. 以表语开头的句子:有时为了把较长的主语放在后面,须将表语和谓语都提到主语前。

eg.Such would be our home in the future. 我们将来的家就是这个样子。

3. 以副词here , there开头的句子,也采用完全倒装来保持句子平衡。

eg.Here is the letter you have been looking forward to. 你盼望已久的信在这儿。

五、 使描写生动

有时为了使叙述或描绘更加生动形象,增加语言效果,可将表示方向的副词(如:down, up, out, in, off, on, away等)或拟声词(bang, crack等)置于句首,句子采用全部倒装的语序(主语为人称代词的句子除外)。

eg.Up went the rocket into the air. 嗖地一声火箭就飞上天了。

eg.Down jumped the criminal from the third floor when the policeman pointed his pistol at him. 当警察把手枪瞄准那个罪犯时,嘭地一下他就从三楼跳了下去。

eg.Boom went the cannon! 轰隆一声大炮开火了!

eg.Bang came another shot!砰!又是一声枪响!

以上句子简洁明快 ,生动逼真地描述了有关动作 ,令我们一览此类倒装的风采。但这种倒装句的修辞功能在语段中可以体现得更为清楚。

"Stop thief! Stop thief!" There is a magic cry in the sound. The tradesman leaves his counter, ... Away they run, pell—mell, helter—skelter, yelling—screaming, ...

"Stop thief ! Stop thief !" The cry is taking by a hundred voices, ... Away they fly, splashing through the mud, up go the window, out run the people. ( Dickens )

作者在第一段和第二段中分别用副词away, up和out位于句首引出四个倒装句Away they run , Away they fly, up go the window , out run the people。从而制造出一种紧张、急促的气氛 ,生动地刻画了一个紧张、混乱的捉贼场面。

倒装是英语中一个重要的修辞手段。倒装句的使用丰富了我们的语言表达,了解并掌握倒装句各种句式的用法 , 不仅会提高我们对英语语言的欣赏能力 , 对英语表达能力的提高也将大有裨益。因此,写作中适当用一些倒装句式定会使文章表达更生动、有力。

轻轻家教与您分享小学五年级英语倒装句知识点整理。 感谢您的观看!如果还有其他问题可以拨打免费电话:4000-766-177!或者关注轻轻家教官方公众号:changingedu 名师为您在线答疑!还有更多学习资料、升学宝典等着你!

注:原文章转载于 ,如有问题请联系我们,邮箱songchunlin@changingedu.com

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