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现在高考英语越来越重视考查学生的阅读能力、跨文化交际能力和思维能力了,所以掌握一些传统文化名词和背诵一些传统文化方面的范文对提高听力、阅读理解、作文成绩有着很大的帮助,下面小编整理的这些干货,同学们赶快收藏吧!

一. 100个中国传统文化名词

1.元宵节: Lantern Festival

2.刺绣:Embroidery

3.重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival

4.清明节:Tomb Sweeping Day

5.剪纸:Paper Cutting

6.书 法: Calligraphy

7.对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets

8.象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters

9.雄黄酒:Realgar Wine

10.四合院:Siheyuan/Quadrangle

11.战国:Warring States

12.风水 :Fengshui/Geomantic Omen

13.昆曲 :Kunqu Opera

14.长 城 :The Great Wall

15.集体舞 :Group Dance

16.黄土高原 :Loess Plateau

17.红臼喜事:Weddings and Funerals

18.中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day

19.花鼓戏:Flower Drum Song

20.儒家文化:Confucian Culture


21.中国结:Chinese knotting

22.古装片:Costume Drama

23.武打片:Chinese Swordplay Movie

24.元宵:Tangyuan/Sweet Rice Dumpling (Soup)

25.越剧:Yue Opera

26.火锅:Hot Pot

27.江南:South Regions of the Yangtze River

28.《诗经》:The Book of Songs

29.谜语:Riddle

30.《史记》:Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian

31.《红楼梦》:A Dream of Red Mansions

32.《西游记》:The Journey to the West

33.除夕:Chinese New Year's Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival

34.针灸 :Acupuncture

35.唐三彩 :Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/ The Tang Tri-colored pottery

36.二人转 : Errenzhuan

37.偏旁 :Radical

38.孟子:Mencius

39.亭/阁:Pavilion/Attic

40.黄梅戏 :Huangmei Opera

41.火 药 :Gunpowder

42.农历 :Lunar Calendar

43.印/玺 :Seal/Stamp

44.腊 八 节 :The laba Rice Porridge Festival

45.京 剧 :Beijing Opera/Peking Opera

46.秦腔 :Crying of Qin People/Qin Opera

47.太极拳 :TaiChi

48.《本草纲目》: Compendium of Materia Medica

49.天坛 :Altar of Heaven in Beijing

50.小吃摊 :Snack Bar/Snack Stand

51.红双喜 :Double Happiness

52.文房四宝(笔墨纸砚): The Four Treasure of the Study/Brush,Inkstick,Paper,and Inkstone

53.春卷 :Spring Roll(s)

54.莲藕 :Lotus Root

55.罗盘 :Luopan

56.故宫博物院 :The Palace Museum

57.相声:Cross-talk/Comic Dialogue

58.五行 :Five Phases

59.北京烤鸭 : Beijing Roast Duck

60.《桃花扇》:The Peach Blossom Fan

61.木偶戏:Puppet Show

62.敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves

63.电视小品:TV Sketch/TV Skit

64.甲骨文:Oracle Bone Inscriptions

65.古筝:Chinese Zither

66.二胡 :Urheen

67.门当户对:Perfect Match/Exact Match

68.《水浒》: Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh

69.除夕:Chinese New Years Eve

70.国子监 :Imperial Academy

71.兵马俑: Cotta Warriors/Terracotta Army

72.旗袍:Cheongsam

73.指南针:Compass

74.泼水节:Water-Splashing Day

75.馄饨:Wonton

76. 花卷:Steamed Twisted Rolls

77.羊肉泡馍:Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup

78.冰糖葫芦:A stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)

79.八宝饭:Eight-Treasure Rice Pudding

80.粉丝:Glass Noodles

81.豆腐脑:Jellied Bean Curd

82.小品:Witty Skits

83.孝顺:To Show Filial Obedience

84.武术:Wushu(Chinese Martial Arts)

85.宣纸:Rice Paper

86.衙门: Yamen

87.叩头:Kowtow

88. 中庸:The Way of Medium(cf. Golden Means)

89.牌楼:Pailou(Pai-Loo)

90.东坡肉:Dongpo Pork

91.中山陵:The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum

92.秦淮河:Qinhuai River

93.玄武湖:Xuanwu Lake

94.夫子庙:the Confucian Temple

95.鸭血粉丝:Duck Blood Fans

96.盐水鸭:Yanshuiya, or Salted and Baked Duck

97.大煮干丝:Gansi

98.小笼包:Steamed Buns

99.明孝陵:Ming Tomb

100.云锦:Nanjing brocade

二. 相关话题作文预测


1

某中学生英文报就“保护中国传统文化”为主题举行英语征文活动。你准备给该报投稿,稿件内容包括:

1. 保护中国传统文化的重要性

2. 列举1-2个你所知道的国家或当地政府文化保护的事例;

3. 谈谈你对文化保护的建议。 

字数要求:120字。

【参考范文】

Protect Traditional Chinese Culture


The protection of national and folk culture is of great significance to Chinese cultural diversity and also to the harmonious development between local economic and social development. It is reported that the Guangdong government pays special attention to protecting Chaoju(潮剧), a local drama born in Chaozhou in the eastern Guangdong province.


In my opinion, some measures should be taken to protect traditional culture effectively. To start with, we should make a law to regulate the society’s performance. Besides, we should draw more people’s attention to it, for the more they know about the importance of culture protection, the stronger support we can get from the public.


In a word, it is high time for us to treasure and develop our own valuable culture.

2

假如你叫李华,最近你的美国笔友Tony要来北京体验中国传统文化,请根据他的问题回复邮件,为他设计北京一日游活动,帮助他体验中国传统文化。请描述你们打算去的地方、具体的活动安排、以及这样安排的理由。


提示词语:traditional Chinese culture, tea house, Peking Opera, paper cutting

【参考范文】

Hi, Tony!


I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are lots of places of interest in Beijing. In order to experience traditional Chinese culture better, I do recommend Beijing Hutong tour.


First, we’re going to go sightseeing along the lanes in Hutong. The houses in Hutong are traditional, such as Siheyuan. From them, you can imagine how people used to live. Of course you can stop anywhere you like and it is interesting to take pictures or have a close look. Second, we are going to pay visits to a Hutong family. We can have lunch there and have a short talk with the local residents, which can help you learn about many stories of the past. We can not only appreciate the dramatic changes that Hutong has undergone, but also see evidence of the history of Beijing, experience the old way of life and experience traditional Beijing culture.


In a word, Hutongs are the homes of common people in the past. It is easy to know how people lived and had fun in the old days. So it is a good choice to learn about traditional Chinese culture.


 I’m looking forward to your coming.

Yours,

Li Hua



3

假如你叫李华,你的美国笔友Tom对中国的传统节日非常感兴趣。他想请你介绍你最喜欢的一个节日,如中秋节、端午节、春节等,你通常是怎么庆祝的,以及你喜欢这个节日的原因。请你根据他的问题回复邮件。


提示词语:eat, get together, share, happy, special

【参考范文】

Hi! Tom,


I’m glad to hear that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals.


My favorite festival is the Mid-Autumn Festival. It usually comes in September or October. On that day, our family members usually get together and have a nice meal. After that, I always admire the moon and share mooncakes with my families.


I love this festival because I like eating mooncakes. They are in the shape of a full moon. They carry people’s wishes to the families they love and miss. In short, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a day of pleasure and happiness. I hope that my letter will help you know more about Chinese festivals.

Yours,

Li Hua


三.英语写作万能模板

有了高考英语写作的万能模板,同学们再也不用担心英语写作时无构思、无句型、无词汇的尴尬“三无”局面了!


1
 对比观点题型

(1)要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。

1. 有一些人认为......

2. 另一些人认为......

3. 我的看法......

The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持A的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三).

While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),⑥------------------(理由二). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三).

From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨--------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .


(2)给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点

Some people believe that ①----------------(观点一). For example, they think ②-----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③---------------(为他们带来的好处). 

In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我反对该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤---------(反对的理由之二).

Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥-----(我对文章所讨论主题的看法).


2
阐述主题题型

要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述。

1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义    

2. 分析并举例使其更充实

The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it.

First of all,-----------------(理由一). For example, -------------------(举例说明). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三).

In my opinion, ----------------(我的观点). In short, whatever you do, please remember the saying------------(引用谚语). If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you’ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.


3
 解决方法题型

要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径

1. 问题现状

2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点)

In recent days, we have to face the problem-----(提出问题), which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明问题的现状).Second, ----------(举例进一步说明现状)

Confronted with---------(问题), we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三).

Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处).


4
说明利弊题型

这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测)

1. 说明事物现状

2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面)

3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法

Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A的优点之二).


But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,------------------(A的第二个缺点).


Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法).


(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测).)


5
议论文的框架

(1)不同观点列举型( 选择型 )

There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that--------观点一. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ------原因一. Furthermore, in the second place, ------原因二. So it goes without saying that------观点一.


People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that------观点二. In their point of view, on the one hand, ------原因. On the other hand, ------原因二. Therefore, there is no doubt that------观点二.  


As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that------观点一或二. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. 


(2)利弊型的议论文

Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一.  And secondly          优点二. 


Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一. In addition,  ____缺点二. 


To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.


( 3 ) 答题性议论文

Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ . It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.


As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.


Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.


( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文

It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语 has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically )


A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____.


With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.


6
图表作文的框架

As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the table(graph/picture/pie/chart), ___作文题目的议题_____ has been on rise/decrease, significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________.


There are at least two good reasons accounting for ______. On the one hand, ________. On the other hand, _______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, ________ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. 


As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded.


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