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高考英语也要考传统文化!这些知识点和传统文化名词有你会的吗?

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来源:综合自高中英语


近年来,很多考试中都开始出现了传统文化的影子,英语也不例外。所以掌握一些传统文化的名词对于我们英语阅读特别是作文有很大帮助。今天,我们为大家准备了下面这些传统文化的名词和范文,大家可以作为参考。



100个中国传统文化名词


1.元宵节: Lantern Festival


2.刺绣:Embroidery


3.重阳节:Double-Ninth Festival


4.清明节:Tomb Sweeping Day


5.剪纸:Paper Cutting


6.书 法: Calligraphy


7.对联:(Spring Festival) Couplets


8.象形文字:Pictograms/Pictographic Characters


9.雄黄酒:Realgar Wine


10.四合院:Siheyuan/Quadrangle


11.战国:Warring States


12.风水 :Fengshui/Geomantic Omen


13.昆曲 :Kunqu Opera


14.长 城 :The Great Wall


15.集体舞 :Group Dance


16.黄土高原 :Loess Plateau


17.红臼喜事:Weddings and Funerals


18.中秋节:Mid-Autumn Day


19.花鼓戏:Flower Drum Song


20.儒家文化:Confucian Culture


21.中国结:Chinese knotting


22.古装片:Costume Drama


23.武打片:Chinese Swordplay Movie


24.元宵:Tangyuan/Sweet Rice Dumpling (Soup)


25.越剧:Yue Opera


26.火锅:Hot Pot


27.江南:South Regions of the Yangtze River


28.《诗经》:The Book of Songs


29.谜语:Riddle


30.《史记》:Historical Records/Records of the Grand Historian


31.《红楼梦》:A Dream of Red Mansions


32.《西游记》:The Journey to the West


33.除夕:Chinese New Year's Eve/Eve of the Spring Festival


34.针灸 :Acupuncture


35.唐三彩 :Tri-color Pottery of the Tang Dynasty/ The Tang Tri-colored pottery


36.二人转 : Errenzhuan


37.偏旁 :Radical


38.孟子:Mencius


39.亭/阁:Pavilion/Attic


40.黄梅戏 :Huangmei Opera


41.火 药 :Gunpowder


42.农历 :Lunar Calendar


43.印/玺 :Seal/Stamp


44.腊 八 节 :The laba Rice Porridge Festival


45.京 剧 :Beijing Opera/Peking Opera


46.秦腔 :Crying of Qin People/Qin Opera


47.太极拳 :TaiChi


48.《本草纲目》: Compendium of Materia Medica


49.天坛 :Altar of Heaven in Beijing


50.小吃摊 :Snack Bar/Snack Stand


51.红双喜 :Double Happiness


52.文房四宝(笔墨纸砚): The Four Treasure of the Study/Brush,Inkstick,Paper,and Inkstone


53.春卷 :Spring Roll(s)


54.莲藕 :Lotus Root


55.罗盘 :Luopan


56.故宫博物院 :The Palace Museum


57.相声:Cross-talk/Comic Dialogue


58.五行 :Five Phases


59.北京烤鸭 : Beijing Roast Duck


60.《桃花扇》:The Peach Blossom Fan


61.木偶戏:Puppet Show


62.敦煌莫高窟:Mogao Caves


63.电视小品:TV Sketch/TV Skit


64.甲骨文:Oracle Bone Inscriptions


65.古筝:Chinese Zither


66.二胡 :Urheen


67.门当户对:Perfect Match/Exact Match


68.《水浒》: Water Margin/Outlaws of the Marsh


69.除夕:Chinese New Years Eve


70.国子监 :Imperial Academy


71.兵马俑: Cotta Warriors/Terracotta Army


72.旗袍:Cheongsam


73.指南针:Compass


74.泼水节:Water-Splashing Day


75.馄饨:Wonton


76. 花卷:Steamed Twisted Rolls


77.羊肉泡馍:Pita Bread Soaked in Lamb Soup


78.冰糖葫芦:A stick of sugar-coated haws (or apples,etc.)


79.八宝饭:Eight-Treasure Rice Pudding


80.粉丝:Glass Noodles


81.豆腐脑:Jellied Bean Curd


82.小品:Witty Skits


83.孝顺:To Show Filial Obedience


84.武术:Wushu(Chinese Martial Arts)


85.宣纸:Rice Paper


86.衙门: Yamen


87.叩头:Kowtow


88. 中庸:The Way of Medium(cf. Golden Means)


89.牌楼:Pailou(Pai-Loo)


90.东坡肉:Dongpo Pork


91.中山陵:The Sun Yat-sen Mausoleum


92.秦淮河:Qinhuai River


93.玄武湖:Xuanwu Lake


94.夫子庙:the Confucian Temple


95.鸭血粉丝:Duck Blood Fans


96.盐水鸭:Yanshuiya, or Salted and Baked Duck


97.大煮干丝:Gansi


98.小笼包:Steamed Buns


99.明孝陵:Ming Tomb


100.云锦:Nanjing brocade


相关话题作文预测


【一】


某中学生英文报就“保护中国传统文化”为主题举行英语征文活动。你准备给该报投稿,稿件内容包括:


1. 保护中国传统文化的重要性


2. 列举1-2个你所知道的国家或当地政府文化保护的事例;


3. 谈谈你对文化保护的建议。 


字数要求:120字。


【参考范文】


Protect Traditional Chinese Culture


The protection of national and folk culture is of great significance to Chinese cultural diversity and also to the harmonious development between local economic and social development. It is reported that the Guangdong government pays special attention to protecting Chaoju(潮剧), a local drama born in Chaozhou in the eastern Guangdong province.


In my opinion, some measures should be taken to protect traditional culture effectively. To start with, we should make a law to regulate the society’s performance. Besides, we should draw more people’s attention to it, for the more they know about the importance of culture protection, the stronger support we can get from the public.


In a word, it is high time for us to treasure and develop our own valuable culture.


【二】


假如你叫李华,最近你的美国笔友Tony要来北京体验中国传统文化,请根据他的问题回复邮件,为他设计北京一日游活动,帮助他体验中国传统文化。请描述你们打算去的地方、具体的活动安排、以及这样安排的理由。


提示词语:traditional Chinese culture, tea house, Peking Opera, paper cutting


【参考范文1】


Hi, Tony!


I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are lots of places of interest in Beijing. In order to experience traditional Chinese culture better, I do recommend Beijing Hutong tour.


First, we’re going to go sightseeing along the lanes in Hutong. The houses in Hutong are traditional, such as Siheyuan. From them, you can imagine how people used to live. Of course you can stop anywhere you like and it is interesting to take pictures or have a close look. Second, we are going to pay visits to a Hutong family. We can have lunch there and have a short talk with the local residents, which can help you learn about many stories of the past. We can not only appreciate the dramatic changes that Hutong has undergone, but also see evidence of the history of Beijing, experience the old way of life and experience traditional Beijing culture.


In a word, Hutongs are the homes of common people in the past. It is easy to know how people lived and had fun in the old days. So it is a good choice to learn about traditional Chinese culture.


 I’m looking forward to your coming.


Yours,

Li Hua


【参考范文2】


Hi, Tony!


I’m glad that you will come to Beijing soon. There are many places of interest where you can experience the traditional Chinese culture in Beijing, but I’d like to take you to Nanluoguxiang.


First, we can take a walk along the lanes in Hutong to feel the architectural style of the old buildings like Siheyuan and local people’s way of life. Besides, you can have a talk with the residents to know more about the history about Hutong. What’s more, we can try all kinds of local foods on the way. And you can buy some paper cuttings as gifts for your friends. When we feel tired, it’s a good choice for us to go to a tea house. There, we can taste all kinds of Chinese tea and get a lot of knowledge about tea. Most importantly, we can watch Peking Opera while drinking tea, which is a typical art to reflect Beijing humanities features. 


As for the reason why we go there, I think it can make you better experience traditional Chinese tea culture, the food culture and the characteristics of the old residence in Beijing.


 I’m looking forward to your coming.


Yours,

Li Hua


【三】


假如你叫李华,你的美国笔友Tom对中国的传统节日非常感兴趣。他想请你介绍你最喜欢的一个节日,如中秋节、端午节、春节等,你通常是怎么庆祝的,以及你喜欢这个节日的原因。请你根据他的问题回复邮件。


提示词语:eat, get together, share, happy, special


【参考范文1】


Hi! Tom,


I’m glad to hear that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals.


My favorite festival is the Mid-Autumn Festival. It usually comes in September or October. On that day, our family members usually get together and have a nice meal. After that, I always admire the moon and share mooncakes with my families.


I love this festival because I like eating mooncakes. They are in the shape of a full moon. They carry people’s wishes to the families they love and miss. In short, the Mid-Autumn Festival is a day of pleasure and happiness. I hope that my letter will help you know more about Chinese festivals.


Yours,

Li Hua


【参考范文2】


Hi! Tom,


My favorite Chinese festival is the Spring Festival which comes on the first day of the Chinese Lunar Year. There is a name for each year, such as the dog, the monkey, the tiger or one of the twelve animals, and this year is the year of the horse.


Before the New Year’s Day, the Chinese people usually give their houses a good cleaning and on the last evening of the old year, all the members of a family will get together and have a big meal. People usually have jiaozi, fish, niangao and many other dishes. On the first or second day of the new year, people usually go to visit their relatives and friends and give some lucky money to children.


Among all the festivals, I like the Spring Festival best not only because I can enjoy delicious food, but also because I can relax myself by spending a few days with my family, my relatives and my friends.


Yours,

Li Hua


【参考范文3】


Hi! Tom,


I’m glad to hear that you are interested in traditional Chinese festivals. There are many traditional festivals in China, and my favorite is the Spring Festival. It falls on the first day of the Chinese lunar New Year. The Spring Festival is as important as Christmas in the U.S. and Chinese people have been celebrating it for many years.


To celebrate the Spring Festival, I usually stick the Chinese character “Fu” upside down on the door, which means happiness will come. Besides, I always prepare some red paper cutting to decorate my house because I believe the red color can bring our family good luck. On the eve of the festival, My family usually get together, having dinner and sharing some interesting experiences. Midnight is my favorite time because I can set off fireworks and admire them. Shining little stars coming out of fireworks create a warm atmosphere. Everyone is overjoyed as they say farewell to the old year and welcome the new year.


I really like the Spring Festival because it’s time for family reunions and the relationship between us becomes closer. Besides. What’s more, I can do various activities during the festival. I hope you can come to China to experience this colorful and meaningful festival.


Yours,

Li Hua


编辑:刘过儿

校对:消失的喵子

声明:本文内容综合自高中英语,由高考直通车团队(微信公众号:gkztcwx)排版编辑,转载请注明来源。高考直通车尊重版权,如有侵权问题,请及时联系管理员(QQ:860075121)处理。


注:原文章转载于 广东中学生,如有问题请联系我们,邮箱songchunlin@changingedu.com

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